# Electric motor that was attached to a small turbine

• australianschoolkid
In summary, electric motors convert electrical energy into kinetic energy and can also reverse this process. This is possible due to the scientific process of electromagnetism, which makes use of magnets and their magnetic fields. These magnetic fields are a by-product of the electric field generated by an electric charge, and they exert forces on moving charges. Electromagnetic induction occurs when electricity is run through a motor, causing the axel to spin and converting electrical energy into kinetic energy. Reversing this process, by moving a wire through a magnetic field, generates electrical current. This phenomenon is explained by special relativity, developed by Albert Einstein.
australianschoolkid
Hello all

I am posting on this site to ask for help with my Theory section of a experimental investigation, below is what I have done so far, my teacher has asked for the theory to be able to be understood by a average high school maths student that does not study physics. The experiment used a small electric motor that was attached to a small turbine, which was moved by running water, hence producing current.

So if possible can you be most critical, and help me with suggestions of what else to discuss, also can anyone please explain what Magnetic flux is in simple terms?

Theory

An electric motor converts electrical energy into kinetic energy. The reverse task can be accomplished by a reversing the operation of the motor. Electrical energy is the amount of work (i.e. force applied through a distance) that can be done by electricity, and kinetic energy is work needed to accelerate a body from rest to its current velocity (speed). In simple terms, this means that kinetic energy is needed to make something move, (i.e. Car wheel) while electric energy is needed to power things (i.e. Light bulb).

The way that the electric motor can transform the two energies is because of a scientific process named Electromagnetism. Electric motors make use of magnets, which are objects that have a magnetic field; a magnetic field is a region in which magnetic forces can be observed. These magnetic forces exert forces on moving charges; moving charges are everywhere. Electric motors harness this property of magnets, to induce a voltage in a conductor by changing the magnetic field near the conductor. (A conductor is a material which electricity easily flows through.) So, by running electricity through a motor a process known as electromagnetic induction takes place, and the ...

Any help would be greatly appreciated
Matt

http://www.school-for-champions.com/science/electgeneration.htm"

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thank you i will by the looks of it it looks good, but i think i am trying to ask is, WHY is it that moving wire through a magnetic field generates electrical current?

The magnet moves the electrons inside of the wire, creating current.

A magnetic field is a byproduct of the electric field of an electric charge. It appears when there is motion relative to the electric field generated by the electric charge. This means that one observer can say that there is no magnetic field around a certain charge, while another will say that there is a magnetic field associated with the charge - it is all relative. Guess where the descriptive theory comes from - special relativity - developed by Einstein. A magnetic field is a byproduct of the distortion of the electric field of a charge due to motion relative to it.

wow

lol ill need to read that a few times! Thanks this sounds awesome!

May I use what you have said? How should I reference it?

No, I am certainly not the originator of this theory! You could just mention that Albert Einstein formulated it in his development of special relativity which he published in 1905.

Here is some questions to ponder in the meantime:

1. If a magnetic field arises due to relative motion between the observer and the electric charge how come a stationary piece of metal (a magnet) can display a magnetic field.

and an evven more puzzling one

2. Why can only certain materials be magnetized (since all materials contain electric charge) ?

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Sorry. I forgot that one can only quote sources that one have actually seen or heard. So, yes you may quote me.

Oh ok thanks, ill will soon post what I have done which is due in tomorrow! Yikes! And if anyone would like to try and help me improve it... hint hint! It would be greatly approached! Also can you find power if you only know the current? I don’t think you can, but if I could it would be good!

Theory

An electric motor converts electrical energy into kinetic energy. Electrical energy is the amount of work (i.e force applied through a distance) that can be done by electricity, and kinetic energy is work needed to accelerate a body from rest to its current velocity (speed). In simple terms, this means that kinetic energy is needed to make something move, (e.g. Car wheel) while electric energy is needed to power things (e.g. Light bulb). The reverse task, i.e. changing kinetic energy into electrical energy, can be accomplished by a reversing the operation of the motor.

The way that the electric motor can transform the two energies is because of a scienfic process named electromagnetism. Electric motors make use of magnets, which are objects that have a magnetic field; a magnetic field is a by-product of the electric field of an electric charge (electric field exerts a force on other charged objects). It appears when there is motion relative to the electric field generated by the electric charge. This means that one observer can say that there is no magnetic field around a certain charge, while another will say that there is a magnetic field associated with the charge - it is all relative. The descriptive theory comes from - special relativity - developed by Einstein. A magnetic field is a by-product of the distortion of the electric field of a charge due to motion relative to it. Hence a magnetic field arises due to relative motion between the observer and the electric charge.

These magnetic forces exert forces on moving charges; moving charges are everywhere. Electric motors harness this property of magnets, to induce a voltage in a conductor by changing the magnetic field near the conductor. (A conductor is a material which electricity easily flows through.) So, by running electricity through a motor a process known as electromagnetic induction takes place, the axel spins, and the electrical energy is turned into kinetic energy.

Reversing this procedure, by means of moving wire through a magnetic field generates electrical current. So by reversing the electrical motor you are rotating a coil of wires through a magnetic field. The magnet moves the electrons inside of the wire, creating current. The faster the wire passes through the magnetic field, the greater the current.

You need to centralize you project around electromagnetic induction:

Note that the first click activates the java applet. Thereafter you can interact with the applet by adjusting, closing/opening switches.

http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/electromag/java/generator/dc.html"

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oh alright thanks again!

Start your project out with a framework - key words or drawings. The organize the key elements into some logical order. Then fill in the meat of the frame work. Since it is a math student you should include some formulas too!

The power delivered can be calculated if you know the resistance of the load connected to the generator.

http://www.saburchill.com/physics/chapters/0056.html"

http://www.saburchill.com/physics/chap02.html"

Since you are suppose to explain it to someone with limited physics knowledge I would suggest that you build up a glossary of terms : voltage, current, magnetic field, magnetic flux at the end of you project so as not to break the line of thought by explaining what something means. In the text you then indicate that a particular term is explained in the glossary by changing the font of the term to say bold e.g. voltage

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## 1. How does an electric motor attached to a small turbine work?

An electric motor attached to a small turbine works by converting electrical energy into mechanical energy. The electric motor uses the flow of electricity to create a magnetic field, which then interacts with the magnets attached to the turbine blades. This interaction causes the blades to rotate, which in turn powers the turbine and generates electricity.

## 2. What is the purpose of attaching an electric motor to a small turbine?

The purpose of attaching an electric motor to a small turbine is to increase the efficiency and power output of the turbine. The electric motor helps to start the rotation of the blades and provides additional energy to keep the turbine running at a consistent speed.

## 3. What are the benefits of using an electric motor attached to a small turbine?

There are several benefits to using an electric motor attached to a small turbine. These include increased efficiency, improved power output, and the ability to use renewable energy sources such as wind or water to generate electricity. Additionally, the electric motor can act as a backup power source in case of a power outage.

## 4. Can an electric motor attached to a small turbine be used in different settings?

Yes, an electric motor attached to a small turbine can be used in various settings. It is commonly used in renewable energy systems, such as wind or hydroelectric power plants, to generate electricity. It can also be used in smaller-scale applications, such as powering personal devices or small appliances.

## 5. What are the potential drawbacks of using an electric motor attached to a small turbine?

One potential drawback of using an electric motor attached to a small turbine is the initial cost of installation. It may also require regular maintenance to ensure proper functioning. In some cases, the power output may be affected by external factors such as weather conditions. Additionally, the use of rare earth magnets in the electric motor can have environmental impacts if not properly disposed of.

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