emf, current, electric fields...what direction is everything moving??? This is a very simple question but I can't seem to figure out the actual direction that things are moving in a simple circuit. Suppose you have a simple circuit consisting of a battery and a resistor: The electrons inside the battery are moving via work done by the battery towards the positive terminal from the negative terminal so that the "positive" terminal of higher potential is actually negatively charged...is that right? The drifting electrons in the circuit then move from the positive terminal of the battery (with the higher potential) to the negative terminal of the battery...correct? Also I assume that the electric field set up in the circuit is directed towards the positive terminal of the battery since it would be directed away from the postive charge (or less negative charge)of the batteries negative terminal. Finally, how can one think of the electric field inside the battery? Sorry for such a simple question but with all these signs and direction arrows its hard to keep track of whats actually going on...thanks in advance for any help.