Is there anyone here that can shed some light on the equivalence between Spanish/EU (ECTS) grades and American GPA? I have been researching this for a while but I haven't found anything official. So far I've come up with these 2 pages, showing similar grade equivalences: http://www.wes.org/gradeconversionguide/index.asp Matrícula de Honor (with Honors) A (10/10 and must be in the top 5%) Sobresaliente (Outstanding) A (9-10/10) Notable (Notable) B+ (7-8.9/10) Aprobado (Pass) B- (5-6.9/10) Suspenso (Failure) F (<5/10) http://www.foreigncredits.com/Resources/GPA-Calculator/ By choosing Spain - 10 point grading system, a B- is considered a 2.7 GPA, B+ (7-8.9/10) is considered 3.3 GPA, and an A is a GPA of 3.5. So according to this site, anyone coming from this grading system can only have a GPA between 2.7 and 3.5. I keep hearing a gpa<3.5 substantially decreases chances of grad school admissions in the US. Are graduates from foreign institutions at a serious disadvantage with American graduates? Visa-sponsorships aren't an issue, as I am a legal US resident but I'm studying abroad. Does the pGRE score assist foreign students in getting past a GPA barrier? Is a 3.0 equivalence still a requirement (as continually mentioned in threads) regardless of a pGRE score? I'd love to hear from EU graduates in American (and Canadian, if any) grad schools and people in charge of admissions at US institutions. Thanks in advance. PS: Another question: In calculating the average, is each individual course grade first converted to GPA and then averaged? Or does the 10-point scale grade get averaged before converting to GPA?