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- Thread starter chiraganand
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Chestermiller

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Have you researched this on your own before asking us?

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Hi yes.. I have found information on why it is reduced becuase of the three planes of symmetry.. But I have failed to find a detailed explanation as to how these three planes of symmetry reduce the independent constants.. That's the explanation I am looking for.. Books say that yes for orthotropic materials there are three planes of symmetry and hence it gets reduced.. but i am looking for the maths behind that.. exactly how the planes of symmetry affect these constantsHave you researched this on your own before asking us?

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