Factors of product of n distinct primes

What will be the numbers of positive factors of product of n distinct prime numbers?

i was able to get 2^n. pls how do i prove this?
 
Last edited:
In any factor you come up with, it will either be divisible by one of the n unique primes, or not. Whether or not your particular factor is divisible by a prime is independent of whether your factor is divisible by another prime; so how many ways can you make a factor if you have to make n yes/no decisions?

Think about it as a prime factor set. You're finding the cardinality of the power set...
 
In any factor you come up with, it will either be divisible by one of the n unique primes, or not. Whether or not your particular factor is divisible by a prime is independent of whether your factor is divisible by another prime; so how many ways can you make a factor if you have to make n yes/no decisions?

Think about it as a prime factor set. You're finding the cardinality of the power set...
you mean there will exist a 1-1 correspondence between power set of a set A with cardinality n and the set of positive factors of the product of n primes
 
Yes. Hence the 2^n.
 
Yes. Hence the 2^n.
what about if the primes are not distinct? i don't the number of positive factor will be 2^n, it will be less than that.
 
You said "distinct primes" in your first post. So your answer - and my reason - were correct.

If you are now changing the question, that's fine.

If the primes are not distinct, all you need to do is to calculate the number of equivalence classes of primes. For instance,

P = {2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 5, 7, 7, 11, 11, 11, 11}

=>

P' = { {2, 2}, {3, 3, 3}, {5}, {7, 7}, {11, 11, 11, 11} }

Then the number of factors is 2^|P'| = 32.

If the primes are all unique, then clearly |P'| = |P|.
 

matt grime

Science Advisor
Homework Helper
9,392
3
That is clearly incorrect: just consider a prime power. By your logic it always has exactly 2 divisors.

Google for Euler's phi (or totient) function.
 
Oh, yeah. Sorry, I was still thinking in terms of the first question.

Matt Grime is correct for the second question. I was for the first one. Sorry for the confusion...
 

The Physics Forums Way

We Value Quality
• Topics based on mainstream science
• Proper English grammar and spelling
We Value Civility
• Positive and compassionate attitudes
• Patience while debating
We Value Productivity
• Disciplined to remain on-topic
• Recognition of own weaknesses
• Solo and co-op problem solving
Top