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Find expression in terms of time for a particle's velocity?

  • #1
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Homework Statement


A particle moves along a straight line so that its acceleration t seconds after passing a fixed point O on the line is (2 - 2t) cm/s2. Three seconds after passing O, the particle has a velocity of 5 cm/s. Find and expression, in terms of t, for the velocity of the particle after t seconds.

Homework Equations


a = dv/dt = d2x/dt2

The Attempt at a Solution


From the information, a = -2t + 2 when x = 0, and therefore, by anti-differentiating, v = -t2 + 2t + c.
I assume that the acceleration of the particle stays at -2t + 2 cm/s2 for the rest of its motion, and so tried substituting (t + 3) in for t to get: -2t - 4, the acceleration of the particle after 3 seconds. Here I got stuck. Do I set up simultaneous equations and eliminate? Have I done my anti-differentiation wrong?

Any help appreciated,
Smeato
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Ray Vickson
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Homework Statement


A particle moves along a straight line so that its acceleration t seconds after passing a fixed point O on the line is (2 - 2t) cm/s2. Three seconds after passing O, the particle has a velocity of 5 cm/s. Find and expression, in terms of t, for the velocity of the particle after t seconds.

Homework Equations


a = dv/dt = d2x/dt2

The Attempt at a Solution


From the information, a = -2t + 2 when x = 0, and therefore, by anti-differentiating, v = -t2 + 2t + c.
I assume that the acceleration of the particle stays at -2t + 2 cm/s2 for the rest of its motion, and so tried substituting (t + 3) in for t to get: -2t - 4, the acceleration of the particle after 3 seconds. Here I got stuck. Do I set up simultaneous equations and eliminate? Have I done my anti-differentiation wrong?

Any help appreciated,
Smeato
You have a correct antderivative, but from there onwards your logic is wrong. Go back and read again exactly what the question tells you.
 
  • #3
2
0
Thanks Ray, it really was a simple question!
"t seconds after passing O" means that you start counting at zero at the Origin :)

The correct answer is: v = -t2 + 2t + 8
 

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