• Support PF! Buy your school textbooks, materials and every day products via PF Here!

Find psi(x,t) when psi(x,0)= Ae^(-x^2/a^2) and A, a are real constants

7
1
Homework Statement
Consider a free particle whose state at t=0 given by the gaussian wave packet. Find psi(x,t)
Homework Equations
Gaussian wave packet at t=0, More equations in attempt at solution
Annotation 2019-11-10 140658.jpg


20191110_150837.jpg



EQ 1: Ψ(x,0)= Ae-x2/a2

A. Find Ψ(x,0)

So I normalized Ψ(x,0) by squaring the function, set it equal to 1 and getting an A

I. A=(2/π)¼ (1/√a)

B. To find Ψ(x,t)

EQ:2
Ψ(x,t)= 1/(√2π) ∫ ∅(k) ei(kx-ωt)dk --------->when ω=(ħk2)/2m and integral from -∞ to +∞
EQ 3: ∅(k)= 1/(√2π) ∫ Ψ(x,0) e-ikxdx -------> integral from -∞ to +∞, i is an imaginary number

Using eq3 to find ∅(k), I got

∅(k)=(2π)1/4 (√a) e-(ka)2/4

Using Eq2, I got
II. Ψ(x,t)=(2π)-3/4 (√a) ∫ e-k2(a2/4 -iht/(2m)) +ikx dk -------> integral from -∞ to +∞

But, in the formula to complete the square

∫ e-(Ax2+Bx dx= (π/A) eB2/4A


I dont know how to manipulate II in order to get exp-(Ax2+Bx). That placement of the negative in II makes me think I either normalized it wrong in part a or I messed up somewhere and don't know where.
 
Assuming you have set up integrals correctly,we have:
$$e^{-(k^2 y^2-ikx)}$$ where ##y^2= a^2/4-iht/2m##

Now compare $$(a-b)^2=a^2-2ab+b^2$$ with terms in bracket to get value of ##a## and ##b## and use it to complete square
 

Want to reply to this thread?

"Find psi(x,t) when psi(x,0)= Ae^(-x^2/a^2) and A, a are real constants" You must log in or register to reply here.

Related Threads for: Find psi(x,t) when psi(x,0)= Ae^(-x^2/a^2) and A, a are real constants

  • Posted
Replies
3
Views
3K
  • Posted
Replies
2
Views
1K
  • Posted
Replies
3
Views
2K
Replies
1
Views
3K
  • Posted
Replies
2
Views
2K
  • Posted
Replies
9
Views
4K
Replies
2
Views
4K
Replies
9
Views
1K
Top