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Finding the electric field at a point in between 3 electrodes

  1. Feb 6, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    The figure is an edge view of three charged metal electrodes. Let the left electrode be the zero point of the electric po*tential. Assume that Q=100 nC and q=50 nC.

    The left electrode has a charge of -q, the middle electrode has a charge of +Q, and the right electrode has a charge of -q. There is 1 cm in between the left electrode, the middle electrode is 1 cm wide, and there is 1 cm between the middle electrode and the right electrode. All of the electrodes have 2.0 cm x 2.0 cm cross section. I apologize for the lack of a visual, I realize this would make it easier.

    a.) What are E at 0.5 cm
    b.) What are V at 0.5 cm
    c.) What are E at 1.5 cm
    d.) What are V at 1.5 cm
    e.) What are E at 2.5 cm
    f.) What are V at 2.5 cm

    2. Relevant equations

    E=Q/(e_0*A)
    V=Ed

    3. The attempt at a solution

    If I have the equations that are supposed to be used correct, then getting parts b, d, and f are very simple. You just plug the answer from parts a, c, and e in correct? I can't figure out how to use the first equation to the get the E field at those points. Any explanation of this problem you can give me would be much appreciated. I need to understand it and be able to work it, not just know the answer. Thanks a lot.
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data



    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 30, 2014 #2
  4. Oct 30, 2014 #3

    rude man

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    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    No, your 1st equation is OK. The D field close to a surface charge σ is D = σ.
    And D = ε0E and σ = Q/A where Q is the total charge on the surface of area A.

    For a dielectric plate the D field close to the plate (but in vacuum) would be σ/2.

    Your problem is to determine the surface charge density on all 6 surfaces, then E is immediately available and so as you point out is V.
    EDIT: OK, you only need the inner 4 surfaces.

    BTW the fact that the plates are only 2 x 2 cm. makes your answers necessarily very approximate since there would be appreciable field fringing taking place.
     
    Last edited: Oct 30, 2014
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