# Frequency components in a singnal.

1. Aug 12, 2010

### Peon666

From a book:

"The waveform is distorted because of different amounts of attenuation and phase shift suffered by different frequency components of the signal"

Question:

If there are different frequency components in a single, how do the ratio channels operate on a single frequency. A channel, for example, operates on the frequency 101. How can this happen when the signal contains components of differing frequencies?

Thanks.

2. Aug 12, 2010

### ShaneXavier

3. Aug 12, 2010

### Staff: Mentor

The channel has some bandwidth, so that gives rise to different frequency components being in even a narrow-band signal.

The bandwidth of each US FM broadcast radio station is 200kHz, in the band from 87.8 MHz to 108.0 MHz.

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Last edited: Aug 12, 2010
4. Aug 12, 2010

### Peon666

So, when we say ration station 106 (for example), we're talking about the Bandwidth. And Bandwidth means that this station/channel can be captured on all the frequencies in this band, right?

5. Aug 12, 2010

### Peon666

Another related question: When we say that a certain broadband/DSL connection has a bandwidth of say, 1 Mbps, what does that mean?

Thanks.

6. Aug 12, 2010

### Staff: Mentor

No, when you say FM radio station 98.5, that is the channel centered on 98.5MHz, with a bandwidth of 200kHz.

7. Aug 12, 2010

### Staff: Mentor

That means that the channel has enough bandwidth to support 1 million bits per second being transmitted through it (with an acceptably low bit error rate).

8. Aug 12, 2010

### Peon666

Thanks.

I bit confused about this. Does this mean that the channel is best transmitted at 98.5, but it can be transmitted, with a bit low quality, in the range of 200 kHz bandwidth?

Thanks.

9. Aug 12, 2010

### Staff: Mentor

No, the transmitted FM signal is centered at 98.5MHz, with signal components (due to the frequency modulation) that extend out +/- 100kHz above and below the center frequency. Check out this info on modulation, and its relation to channel bandwidth:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modulation

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10. Aug 12, 2010

### Peon666

Thanks a lot! It was really helpful! Taking first course in Analogue Communication. :)

Last edited: Aug 12, 2010