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Gamma iron even after it cooled down

  1. May 26, 2015 #1
    The 300 series of stainless steel is austenitic meaning that the iron in the steel is gamma iron. This means that if it is magnetic it is only the weak magnetism from the nickel.

    I read the wikipedia article on allotropes of iron and it says that gamma iron occurs when the iron is heated to 1000K or 730 degrees C. That is the curie temperature for iron.

    But how does the nickel in the steel keep the iron in its gamma allotrope unlike ferric stainless steel where there is only chromium, iron, and carbon and it is in its alpha allotrope.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 31, 2015 #2
    As a rule of thumb, an alloying element in solid solution will tend to modify its host to its own crystal structure. In this case, pure nickel is cubic close packed and tends to stabilise the cubic close packed phase in iron ie the gamma phase.

    The size of the effect is related to the the relative size of the host and solute atoms as well as their chemical similarity.

    Similarly, pure chromium is body centred cubic and tends to stabilise the body centred cubic phase of iron ie alpha or ferrite. Above about 15% Cr, there is no gamma phase in an iron-chromium alloy with no nickel.

    That's by no means a formally correct answer to your question nor an explanation for why this happens but it's a common feature of alloy systems
     
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