# Geometrical algebra's: simple equation

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## Main Question or Discussion Point

Hello,

In a geometrical algebra exercise I have to solve the equation
k F = 0,​
where k is a vector and F is a bivector (plane).
From this it follows that also $\mathbf{k} \wedge F = 0$, which basically says that the vector k is perpendicular to the plane F.
We are supposed to show (among other things) that $F = \mathbf{k} \wedge \mathbf{A}$ for some vector A.
My question is: can you prove that this is always possible (or give a counterexample)? So
(Theorem) - any plane F perpendicular to a vector k can be written as k wedged with another vector A
(I'm working in 4 spacetime dimensions. Probably the statement can be (dis)proven by choosing a basis - and then separating the cases where F and k are timelike, spacelike, etc - but apparently the power of geometrical algebras is that one can do without...).

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From this it follows that also $\mathbf{k} \wedge F = 0$, which basically says that the vector k is perpendicular to the plane F.
On the contrary, it means that k lies in the subspace F, and this implies that F can be factored as $$F=k\wedge a$$, where
$a$ is some vector. i.e. F is not only a bivector but is also a blade. Then
$k\wedge F = k\wedge k\wedge a = 0$. (Recall that, in 4 dimensions, a bivector does not in general have to be a plane).

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OK, that was really stupid.
Thanks a lot.

I stumbled on the following the other day:

http://www.science.uva.nl/ga/tutorials/ [Broken]

It's a interactive GA tutorial/presentation for a game programmers conference that provides a really good intro and has a lot of examples that I found helpful to get an intuitive feel for all the various product operations and object types.

Even if you weren't trying to learn GA, if you have done any traditonal vector algebra/calculus, IMO its worthwhile to download this just to just to see the animation of how the old cross product varies with changes to the vectors.

You have to download the GAViewer program (graphical vector calculator) to run the presentation. Once you do that you can use it for other calculation examples. See: