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Hall Effect Magnetic Flux Sensor in very Strong Magnetic Fields

  1. Feb 14, 2012 #1
    Dear PFs

    I am facing a problem with finding a good Hall-effect magnetic flux sensor which should be fixed in the top of a probe working in a very intense magnetic field.

    The probe must be aligned to a certain degree with respect to the direction of the main field. The requested alignement accuracy should be on the order of 1/10 of degree (or less even better).

    The magnetic field is very strong, of the order of 16.5 Tesla (16.5 x 10^4 Gauss).

    I had thought to place the sensor in parallel geometry, with its plane oriented parallel to the magnetic flux lines. Thus I expect to detect a zero voltage when the sensor is perfectly aligned to the main field, and a not-zero voltage which depends strongly on the angle between the direction of the main field and the normal to the sensor surface.
    Afterwards I will try to elaborate such voltages (VH) to get a feedback for the correct alignement.

    http://img692.imageshack.us/img692/5579/hallfield.png [Broken]

    Here's the problem: which kind of sensor can I test?
    I've drawn my attention to the Lakeshore Hall device HGT-3030, but it seems to be very difficult to find.

    Any experience here?

    Can you suggest some commercial models with a easy schematic diagram or application note?

    Thanks for your enthusiastic responses!

    Last edited by a moderator: May 5, 2017
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 14, 2012 #2

    jim hardy

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  4. Feb 15, 2012 #3
    Thanks Jim.

    I think I need a more sophisticated device, as Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with a low linearity error and a good magnetic sensitivity.
  5. Feb 15, 2012 #4

    jim hardy

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  6. Feb 15, 2012 #5
    HGT-3030 Transverse Hall generator costs $444...

    Magnetic sensitivity . . . . . . . . . . 6.0 mV/kG to 10.0 mV/kG
    Nominal control current . . . . . . . 100 mA
    Maximum linearity error . . . . . . . ±0.30% rdg (-10 to 10 kG) ±1.25% rdg (-30 to 30 kG)
    Zero field offset voltage . . . . . . . ±75 µV (max)
    Operating temperature range . . . . -40 ºC to +100 ºC
    Active area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.02 mm diameter

    Honestly, I was looking for an equivalent inexpensive device.
  7. Feb 20, 2012 #6
    No more ideas? :(
  8. Feb 20, 2012 #7

    jim hardy

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    What physical size must this apparatus be?

    What is it about the field that you want to measure? Intensity, direction, variations?

    I have only tinkered as a hobbyist with a fluxgate magnetometer measuring earth's field and i dont have experience with fields as strong as you cited, which sounds like it might be in a speaker voicecoil airgap or something. I also tinkered with some LVDT position sensors (12 feet tall) at work... another story ...

    My magnetometer sensed from kitchen table automobiles passing in the street, refrigerator door opening, it had surprising sensitivity. But you are looking for precise measurement of direction? Will your apparatus affect the local field?

    Jack M Janicke's Magnetic Measurements Handbook is best "poor man's" introduction to the subject that i ever saw.
    Here's Honeywell's introductory appnote.

    Sorry - i just am not expert in that field, so shotgunned you with what i could find 'cause you asked for help and there didnt seem to be much.
    I dont know your degree of familiarity so hope you aren't offended.

    old jim
  9. Feb 20, 2012 #8

    jim hardy

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  10. Feb 21, 2012 #9
    Hi Jim,

    as wrote at the beginning the magnetic field I need to handle is very strong, of the order of 16.5 Tesla (16.5 x 10^4 Gauss)!

    Yes, my application is not trivial. I need to measure flux variations of a strong magnetic field over an area of c.a. 1mm2 with high accuracy.

    The sensor will be placed inside the magnetic field, where a probe for nuclear measurements must be aligned to the lines of force.

    Nice, I will have a look.

    Com'on, where is the problem? :biggrin:

    Thank you for your help!
    Last edited by a moderator: Feb 21, 2012
  11. Feb 21, 2012 #10

    jim hardy

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    It sounds fascinating and i wish i had experience to offer you.

    But i'd get distracted trying to invent a new sensor out of Flint glass and Faraday effect.:rolleyes:

    Best of luck to you, sir, and thanks for your kindness.

    old jim
  12. Feb 21, 2012 #11


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    My advice would be to just buy a proper sensor. The fact that you are working with a 16T magnet means that you are using reasonably sophisticated equipment (you are obiously not doing this in your basement at home), and $400 is not much money under these circumstances.
    Also, remember you will -regardless of what you end up using- need some form of reasonbly accurate read-out electronics; and good sensor will probably easier to read out, meaning you won't need a a bunch of extra kit just to compensate for the fact that your sensor is e.g. giving you a very weak signal.
  13. Feb 21, 2012 #12
    Hi f95toli

    :smile: In these circumstances $400 is too much when you have to pay from your own pocket...
    I guess the driving of such a sensor is not trivial, and I have no experience on that.

    This I know; infact I was looking for a HGT-3030 Lakeshore sensor.
    In the meantime I hoped to find here peple with some experience in projecting of interfaces for Hall sensor, just to avoid lost of time fighting the silliest problems.

    Perhaps another thread would be most suitable?

    Thanks anyway for your input!

  14. Feb 21, 2012 #13

    jim hardy

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    Get that Janicke book.

    I hope he's still living - we exchanged several emails on my magnetometer.
    He is very knowledgeable practical and helpful.
    old jim
  15. Feb 22, 2012 #14
    Hi Jim,

    I've found it on Amazon. I will (re)start from that.
    Last edited by a moderator: Feb 22, 2012
  16. Feb 22, 2012 #15
    How are you making a 165 kilogauss field?
    This high a magnetic field requires extremely expensive equipment.
  17. Feb 22, 2012 #16
    It is a commercial cryomagnet made with superconductive wires working at the liquid Helium temperature (4.2 K). This has not been bought by myself, rather by the lab that asked my expertise. There is no budget saved for the project "Hall-sensor".
    That's why I am looking for an unexpensive solution: this should get out of my wallet.
    Unfortunately for me it seems that only (expensive) Lakeshore sensors are on the horizon...
    Last edited by a moderator: Feb 22, 2012
  18. Feb 22, 2012 #17

    jim hardy

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  19. Feb 23, 2012 #18
    Hi Jim,

    Thanks for the tip.

    ZMT32 is in stock but for applications under low field conditions, which is not the case.

    I think what I would do in my case, it would be something in the middle between ZMT32 and HGT-3030
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