Flux describes any effect that appears to pass or travel (whether it actually moves or not) through a surface or substance. A flux is a concept in applied mathematics and vector calculus which has many applications to physics. For transport phenomena, flux is a vector quantity, describing the magnitude and direction of the flow of a substance or property. In vector calculus flux is a scalar quantity, defined as the surface integral of the perpendicular component of a vector field over a surface.
I recently performed an experiment that involved using a cylindrical scintillator to detect cosmic ray muons by observing the amount of particles that decayed within 20 microseconds over a long period of time. I'd like to use this to find the flux of muons at my scintillator so that I can...
I am trying to see if Vector fields(I am thinking of electric and magnetic fields) without sources(divergence less) can be represented by a pair of functions f and g such that the level surfaces of the functions represent flux lines. I am trying to solve this problem in ## R^3 ## with a...
I'm trying to plot the solar spectrum (Wavelength versus Flux) from a table of values I'm given. I'm given 3 columns;
Solar Flux
Arcturus Flux
Wavelength
Plotting Solar Flux versus Wavelength gives me a graph (below) that is very difficult to resolve. There are 21,000 data points as well.
If...
What is Flux Throughput? Explain how there can be a flux throughput advantage in using a coude spectrograph compared to a Cassegrain spectrograph?
I'm confused on what this actually means when comparing the two. Is it asking what are the seeing advantages in terms of resolving powers of a...
I've been told that if you drop a magnet through a coil the induced emf and flux graphs would look like this:
I understand that when the bar magnet is in the middle of the coil the emf induced is zero as flux change in top and bottom is in opposite directions but why is effective flux maximum...
I have these equations in my book, but I don't know how I can use them in this problem
Electric field of a plane has surface electric density σ: E = σ/2εε₀
Ostrogradski - Gauss theorem: Φ₀ = integral DdS
Can someone help me :((
I have been reading Griffith's Introduction to Electodynamics and i am currently at the chapter about magnetostatics. There is an example about a long solenoid with n units per length and radius R that shows a way of finding the magnetic vector potential. The magnetic field inside the solenoid...
I am having trouble figuring out if the circular loop has an induced current.
One explanation is ∫ E ds = -d Φ / dt. Since flux = B ⋅ A, a change in the magnetic field would require a change in the magnetic field, a change in the area, or change in direction of either vector. Since none of...
The correct answer is B, but I am not sure why.
I have a few confusions regarding this problem. First of all, I had thought that we cannot use Gauss' Law to determine the flux through a SIDE of a cube since Gauss' Law only works for SURFACES. How can we determine how an electric field pierces a...
Given that L is the luminosity of a single star and there are n stars evenly distributed throughout this thin spherical shell of radius r with thickness dr, what is the total intensity from this shell of stars?
My calculations were as follows: Intensity is the power per unit area per steradian...
Summary: Can a rotating AC Magnetic field induce movement in a static DC Magnetic flux?
I'm designing a control panel, and the customer has asked us to reduce the EMC as much as possible; there are no drives, or other noise creating devices, just AC circuits.
I thought a good starting point...
I am checking the divergence theorem for the vector field:
$$v = 9y\hat{i} + 9xy\hat{j} -6z\hat{k}$$
The region is inside the cylinder ##x^2 + y^2 = 4## and between ##z = 0## and ##z = x^2 + y^2##
This is my set up for the integral of the derivative (##\nabla \cdot v##) over the region...
Homework Statement
A point charge q is placed inside a cube of side 2a. What will be the flux associated with the lower surface ABCD?
Homework Equations
I think I can apply Gauss Law here, but can't think of something connecting it with the lower surface.
∫B.dl = 1/ε° X Charge Enclosed
The...
Homework Statement
A charge q is placed at one corner of a cube. What is the value of the flux of the charge's electric field through one of its faces?
Homework Equations
The flux surface integral of an electric field is equal to the value of the charge enclosed divided by the epsilon_naught...
I have studied that mass transfer is of two types
Molecular mass transfer(diffusion)
Eddy diffusion
then in later portion of the book I found that there is convective mass transfer too, I wanted to ask if both convective mass transfer and eddy diffusion are same ?
I read this equation N_i =...
Homework Statement
You have decided to use a CCD camera to check if a 16th magnitude quasar is variable.
With your telescope/camera combination, you know that a star with a magnitude of 0 would deliver 1 × 109 photons/second to one pixel, so this allows you to work out the photons/second from...
My book states that when a flow around object is considered,
Non dimensional momentum flux is defined as the drag coefficient
In case of flow through tubes it states
The non dimensional momentum flux is defined as the friction factor
What do these statements mean? What do they practically...
Homework Statement
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There is lead XY shaped as straight wire. Next to it, circular lead with radius 0.10 m.
They are in the same plane.
XY to center of circle, O is 0.20 m.
Curent flowing through XY is 15.7 A
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
1) find magnetic field (B) at...
Homework Statement
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Hey, I'm having some difficulties with my physics project and I hoped someone could help me out. We have to calculate the magnetic field, but first we need to know the flux.
This is the setup we got:
We have to let a magnet fall through a PVC tube. The tube has a coil...
Homework Statement
The sun has a rotational period of 25 days. Finding the rotational period if it can shrink to form a white dwarf (##R_{WD}=10^3Km##). Knowing that the density of magnetic flux of the Sun on the surface is ##1 Gauss##, finding the magnetic flux of the white dwarf.
Homework...
Homework Statement
In the picture 20.40, what is the direction of the current induced in the resistor at the instant the switch is closed.[/B]
Homework Equations
Right hand rules- Point thumb in direction of current and your fingers will curl in direction of magnetic field.
Lenz's law. The...
Homework Statement
Here is a link to the problem: https://imgur.com/a/0T9sF
I am having trouble finding the time it takes the loop to leave the field in part a.
Homework Equations
## emf=-\frac{d \Phi}{dt} ##
## \Sigma F=ma=mg-BIl ##
## \frac{dv}{dt}-\gamma v=g ## where ##...
I noticed the other day something odd in how we use Electric and Magnetic flux.
The definitions I refer to are magnetic flux density (B), magnetic flux intensity (H), electric displacement field (D) or Electric field density (D) and electric field (E):
B = μH
ΦB = B*Area
&
D = εE
ΦE = E*Area...
Homework Statement
A uniform charge density of 700 nC/m3 is distributed throughout a spherical volume of radius 6.00 cm. Consider a cubical Gaussian surface with its center at the center of the sphere.
[reference picture]
What is the electric flux through this cubical surface if its edge...
Homework Statement
The rectangular parallelepiped with sides ## a > b > c ## is filled with charge of constant density ## \rho ##. A sphere of radius ## 2a ## is constructed with its center at the origin. Find the flux through the surface of this sphere
Homework Equations
$$ \oint E...
<Moderator's note: Moved from a technical forum and thus no template.>
Calculate flux of the vector field $$F=(-y, x, z^2)$$ through the tetraeder $$T(ABCD)$$ with the corner points $$A= (\frac{3}{2}, 0, 0), B= (0, \frac{\sqrt 3}{2},0), C = (0, -\frac{\sqrt 3}{2},0), D = (\frac{1}{2},0 , \sqrt...
Homework Statement
What direction does the force that the current carrying coil feel point to when a magnetic field is turned on?
A magnetic field is turned on and points from bottom to top and passes through a current carrying coil that has current passing through it CCW. Here is a diagram...
Hi,
I can't find my inductance calculations book. Say that you were considering magnetic flux linkage more from a geometric perspective:
-Does the mutual coupling coefficient for a series of coils all on the same steel core add up to a maximum total of ~1?
Because I tried simulating a three...
Hi,
I have a couple of questions regarding re-wiring a three phase transformer.
Say you have a three phase TX with a ratio of 415:22 and you want to use it as a single phase step-up TX (excite it with a variac or something), this is a thought-experiment.
If you excited only the middle leg of...
https://atarnotes.com/forum/index.php?topic=144870.msg953546#msg953546
http://i.imgur.com/XtCj6OP.png (worked solution on left and plain answer on right; they aren't the same and neither take into account the number of turns, which adds to the confusion)
Is the book's answer correct? Doesn't...
Homework Statement
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A butterfly net hangs from a circular loop of diameter 400 mm . You hold the loop horizontally in a region where the electric field is 150 N/C downward, as shown in (Figure 1) .
What is the electric flux through the net?
Homework Equations
k = 9E9 N
E = kq/r2
Flux = Q...
Hi,
I have a question about steel, for instance, silicon steel used in magnetic cores.
I was wondering about how Iron magnetises: can you align the grains/domains and heat treat it [or anything], so that it responds differently to flux one way then the other direction?
For example, say you...
i made a speaker from a cup, a coil of wire and a magnet. I hooked up both of the ends of the wire to a headphone jack and it works. Albeit very low sound, but it works.
Can you point me in the direction of some equations that will show me the most influential factors on how to make it louder...
Homework Statement
1. The field for an infinite charged sheet is found to be σ/2ε0. If we place 2 infinite sheets of opposite charge above one another, we say that the field in between the sheets is σ/ε0 due to the superposition of individual fields.
Why can't we say the same for a situation...
For static electric fields? does it apply also for a generic electric field? Let's say, moving charges inside a closed surface?
If there are charges accelerating in a closed surface a part of the electric field is due to the charges, and a a part is due to the fact that the charges acceleration...
Homework Statement
A loop of wire in the form of a square 1.50 m on each side, its plane makes an angle of 40.0° with a uniform magnetic field of 0.95 T. What is the magnetic flux through the loop?
Homework Equations
Φ = BAcosθ
A = s^2
The Attempt at a Solution
I found the area of the square...
Hi.
Inductance and capacitance have many analogies, both conceptually and formally. A capacitor connected to a voltage source carries the charge ##Q=C\cdot V##. The analogous equation for inductance is ##n\cdot \Phi=L\cdot I##.
Charge is physical, it's proportional to the number of excess...
1. Question
2. The attempt at a solution
Now I'm not sure where to go next? Do I work out the local heat transfer coefficient at 1.2m or just the heat transfer coefficient? Using
h = Nu × k/x
or
h = Nu × k/d
Thanks, Sam.
Hi.
All derivations of the (ideal) transformer equation ##\frac{U_p}{U_s}=\frac{n_p}{n_s}## use Faraday's law of induction
$$U=-n\cdot \frac{d\Phi}{dt}$$
for primary and secondary and equate the change of flux ##\frac{d\Phi}{dt}##.
Until now, in my textbooks it was always like this: Electrical...
Homework Statement
A metal sphere of radius a is surrounded by a metal shell of inner radius b and outer radius R, as shown in the diagram below. The flux through a spherical Gaussian surface located between a and b is 1.20Q/εo and the flux through a spherical Gaussian surface just outside R is...
Homework Statement
In (Figure 1) take the half-cylinder's radius and length to be 3.4 cm and 15 cm, respectively.
If the electric field has magnitude 5.3 kN/C, find the flux through the open half-cylinder. The surface here is the right half of the surface of a full cylinder. The surface does...
Homework Statement
I have three questions spanning three different situations, but each deal with the single concept of electric flux.
Problem 1: Write an expression for the net electric flux through the entire surface in terms of the area vectors and the electric field E.
Problem 2...
Homework Statement
Not so much of homework questions but more to do with clarifying concepts:
1. How do i assess whether or not field lines emitted by charged objects (i.e uniformly charged cube) are both perpendicular to their surfaces uniform? This is in relation to taking the E of ∮φ = EdA...
Please excuse the lay terms that will follow.
I have been doing some reading on "magnetic shielding" and have come across alloys such as MuMetal which have high permeability and so can block interaction between two magnets.
My question;
Is this inhibition of interaction between the two...
In Purcell- Electricty and Magnetism book, in the chapter on electromagnetic induction, I found the following explanation regarding the magnetic flux through a circuit of area ##S##.
Consider the circuit in figure, moving in a time ##dt## in a magnetic field ##B##, constant in time (but not...
Homework Statement
Homework Equations
Flux = DeltaB * Area
The Attempt at a Solution : Since the magnetic fields are going in opposite directions through the loop, I assumed that they would have different signs, so I chose 2.0 T to be positive and 1.0 to be negative, so when calculating the...
Hi
I am trying to run a fast reactor model but I cannot figure out what is happening because I get the error: run terminated because 10 particles got lost. I am using the sdef card (with and without parameters) and the model is not running. Hope you can help me to fix any mistake I did. The...
Homework Statement
Here is a picture of the problem
https://www.dropbox.com/s/2bps6ga2o4hjpgw/hw4.png?dl=0
For those who don't want to click the link, basically the problem wants me to calculate the surface brightness of a flat surface at any angle if the source function S = B(T), which is a...
Homework Statement
The figure below shows a closed loop of wire that consists of a pair of equal semicircles, of radius 7.0 cm, lying in mutually perpendicular planes. The loop was formed by folding a flat circular loop along a diameter until the two halves became perpendicular to each other...