Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Heat equation: partial differential equations

  1. Dec 10, 2009 #1
    solve the heat equation
    ut = kuxx

    -infinity < x < infinity and 0 < t < infinity

    with u(x,0)= x2 and uxxx(x,0)= 0

    first i showed that uxxx(x,t) solves the equation (easy part)

    the next step is to conclude that u(x,t) must be of the form A(t)x2 + B(t)x + C(t).
    i tried to do this by integrating uxxx(x,t) with respect to x and i got uxx(x,t) + A(t). then i solved for uxx(x,t), integrated it with respect to x, and so on until i got u(x,t) = (triple integral of uxxx(x,t) with respect to x) + A(t)x2/2 - B(t)x - C(t).

    It seems like the only way to get rid of the uxxx(x,t) is to say that it is identically equal to 0 since uxxx(x,0)= 0. Then i can get the desired form of the solution. But, can you say that uxxx(x,t) is identically equal to 0?

    Once I show that A(t)x2 + B(t)x + C(t) is the form of the equation, I'm supposed to use the initial conditions to find A(t), B(t), and C(t). But, the initial conditions will only tell me what A(0), B(0), and C(0) are.That's another problem

    and lastly, this may have little to do with the problem but if u(x,0)= x2 then does it mean that ux(x,0)= 2x just by differentiating both sides with respect to x or are there special conditions that must be satisfied?
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 11, 2009 #2
    Are you sure you posted the problem correctly? You need two boundary conditions and one initial condition. You've posted two initial conditions and no boundary conditions. Huh???
  4. Dec 11, 2009 #3
    yes that's the all that's give in the problem. there's no boundary conditions
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook