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HELP A problem on determine electric field in vector form

  1. Feb 21, 2009 #1
    HELP!!!A problem on determine electric field in vector form

    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    The electric potential due to a charge distribution is given by V(x,y)=((100x)/(x2+y2)3/2)*Volts
    where the distances are in meters. What is the electric field (vector) at the position x=2m, y=0.2m?

    3. The attempt at a solution
    V(x,y)=((100*2i)/(22i+0.22j)3/2)*volts
    V(x,y)=(200i/(8i+0.008j))*volts
    This is how I tried to solve the problem but I don't think that I did it correctly because I don't think that I can write a function with two directions together.
    Can anyone help me with it? thank you very much
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 21, 2009 #2

    Tom Mattson

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    Re: HELP!!!A problem on determine electric field in vector form

    One thing is clear: You aren't reading your textbook.

    First, they ask for the electric field, not the electric potential. So you are not supposed to evaluate [itex]V(x,y)[/itex] at the given point. And even if you were supposed to do that, it makes no sense to insert the unit vectors [itex]\hat{i}[/itex] and [itex]\hat{j}[/itex] in there (where would those come from anyway??).

    Please look in your book and find the definition of electric field in terms of electric potential. Then we can get started.
     
  4. Feb 21, 2009 #3
    Re: HELP!!!A problem on determine electric field in vector form

    Sorry about that I didn't read the problem properly...
    dV=-E*dl
    E=-dV/dl
    Then separate the x and y direction
    Ex=-[tex]\delta[/tex]V/[tex]\delta[/tex]x
    Ex=-(100/(3/2(x2+y2)1/2*(2x+y2))
    Ey=-[tex]\delta[/tex]V/[tex]\delta[/tex]y
    Ey=(100x/(3/2(x2+y2)1/2*(x2+2y))
    then sub in x and y
    is it right?
     
  5. Feb 21, 2009 #4

    Tom Mattson

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    Re: HELP!!!A problem on determine electric field in vector form

    Your derivatives are wrong. If you post the steps you took to calculate them then I can show you where you made a mistake.
     
  6. Feb 21, 2009 #5
    Re: HELP!!!A problem on determine electric field in vector form

    Ex=-[tex]\delta[/tex]V/[tex]\delta[/tex]x
    For this only we only have to derive x and let y be constant
    the original equation is 100x/(x2+y2)3/2
    since we only need to derive x
    then the equation becomes
    100x-->100
    use chain rule to do the following=outside derivative times inside derivative
    (x2+y2)3/2
    3/2(x2+y2)1/2*(2x)
    Ex=-(100/(3/2(x2+y2)1/2*(2x))
    same for y but for this only derive y and let x be constant
    Ey=-[tex]\delta[/tex]V/[tex]\delta[/tex]y
    Ey=(100x/(3/2(x2+y2)1/2*(2y))
     
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