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Help with basical electromagnetics

  1. Mar 28, 2016 #1
    Hey guys, can someone please help me with this? In the case of the line charge (pictures 1 and 2), can someone please explain to me how he converted the vector R from cartesian coordinates to cylindrical coordinates without doing any calculation?

    Also, on the case of the sphere (pictures 3 and 4), I didn't understand how he got the components cos(alpha) az and sin(alpha) ap of the vector ar.

    Can someone please recommend me some material or book to study this subject about orthogonal basis of cylindrical and spherical coordinates?

    Sorry for my bad english, and thank you very much.

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  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 28, 2016 #2

    blue_leaf77

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    The radial vector ##\mathbf{a}_\rho## in the cylindrical coordinate is a unit vector that lies in the z=0 plane. Therefore, any vector which has zero ##z## component can be written as a vector of appropriate magnitude in the direction of ##\mathbf{a}_\rho##. There is also a more formal prove using the formulae for the coordinate change between Cartesian and cylindrical coordinates. It requires more work but is actually easy to show.
    The author wanted to write ##\mathbf{a}_R## in Cylindrical components. Since the line along ##\mathbf{a}_R## connects a general point with a point on the z axis, the ##\mathbf{a}_\phi## component must be zero leaving only ##\mathbf{a}_\rho## and ##\mathbf{a}_z## only.
     
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