How can kinetic friction force be constant if....?

  • Thread starter BlueQuark
  • Start date
  • #1
13
1
As we all know, for the most part, the kinetic friction force is, for the most part, constant. After moving my cup across my table, this thought crossed my mind. If I move my cup across the table with a constant speed, then the force I'm applying must be equal to the kinetic friction force.

Let's say I apply a stronger force to get it at a constant speed that is faster than the other speed. I was pushing a force higher than the kinetic friction force. In that case, the cup should be accelerating instead of remaining in equilibrium.

I suspect I've fallen for a common misconception of sorts. Can someone explain this? Thanks!
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
russ_watters
Mentor
21,455
8,470
As we all know, for the most part, the kinetic friction force is, for the most part, constant. After moving my cup across my table, this thought crossed my mind. If I move my cup across the table with a constant speed, then the force I'm applying must be equal to the kinetic friction force.

Let's say I apply a stronger force to get it at a constant speed that is faster than the other speed. I was pushing a force higher than the kinetic friction force. In that case, the cup should be accelerating instead of remaining in equilibrium.

I suspect I've fallen for a common misconception of sorts. Can someone explain this? Thanks!
It looks to me like you analyzed the logic right but still choose to accept your initial wrong assumption instead of the correct conclusion you drew later. Why?: Yes, if you apply a force greater than the kinetic friction, the cup will accelerate.
 
  • #3
13
1
It looks to me like you analyzed the logic right but still choose to accept your initial wrong assumption instead of the correct conclusion you drew later. Why?: Yes, if you apply a force greater than the kinetic friction, the cup will accelerate.

This is what is confusing me. I can demonstrably push a higher force than the kinetic friction force and get it to move at a constant speed. Does the kinetic friction force increase with speed?
 
  • #4
If you push with a force greater than kinetic friction, the object speeds up. If you want to "get it to move at constant speed" no matter if it is a higher or lower speed than you started with, you then must stop the acceleration by going back to a state of equilibrium where again the push/pull is equal to the kinetic friction.
 
  • Like
Likes russ_watters
  • #5
russ_watters
Mentor
21,455
8,470
This is what is confusing me. I can demonstrably push a higher force than the kinetic friction force and get it to move at a constant speed.
How are you measuring that?
Does the kinetic friction force increase with speed?
No, with the caveat that real life can be a bit more complex than that simplistic equation. But over a low range of speeds, with hard, dry surfaces, it should hold reasonably well.
 
  • #6
20
1
If you are applying force there is an acceleration. If there is increasing acceleration, you speed will not be constant. If you need constant speed maintain constant acceleration. Else if cup isn't moving even you maintained constant acceleration, maybe your force isn't crossing limiting static frictional force. Let me know if I'm wrong or correct. Thank you.
 
  • #7
3,884
510
Careful, Dr Manoj.
For constant speed you don't need to maintain constant acceleration. Unless that constant is zero.
Even if there is constant (and not increasing) acceleration the speed won't be constant.
You may have some problem with the proper meaning of the terms.
 
  • #8
Drakkith
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
21,729
5,715
If you are applying force there is an acceleration.

Not necessarily true. If the force you are applying is exactly countered by another force then there is no net force and thus no acceleration.

If there is increasing acceleration, you speed will not be constant.

The change in the acceleration is irrelevant. Any acceleration means that the speed is not constant.

If you need constant speed maintain constant acceleration.

Constant speed means zero acceleration which means zero net force.
 
  • #9
Nidum
Science Advisor
Gold Member
2,990
850
Let's say I apply a stronger force to get it at a constant speed that is faster than the other speed. I was pushing a force higher than the kinetic friction force. In that case, the cup should be accelerating instead of remaining in equilibrium.

I suspect I've fallen for a common misconception of sorts. Can someone explain this? Thanks!

Your hand is acting as a velocity source . Within limits your hand can move an object at a set speed independent of the reaction force from the object being moved .
 
Last edited:
  • #10
Vanadium 50
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Education Advisor
2021 Award
28,051
12,585
"Doctor" Manoj, it is dishonest and deceitful to claim a qualification that you have not earned - like a doctorate. Additionally, it is insulting to those of us who spent years earning one. Finally, you bobbled this question - to claim to be an expert (i.e. calling yourself "doctor") and then providing wrong answers is worse than useless.

I can demonstrably push a higher force than the kinetic friction force and get it to move at a constant speed.

You might want to demonstrate this, then. I think if you actually did these measurements you would find that either you are reducing the force after some time, or the speed is not constant.
 
  • #11
543
147
"Doctor" Manoj, it is dishonest and deceitful to claim a qualification that you have not earned - like a doctorate.

Maybe he's a medical doctor, or a doctor of law, or has a Ph.D. in English, etc.
 
  • #12
SammyS
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Gold Member
11,509
1,116
Maybe he's a medical doctor, or a doctor of law, or has a Ph.D. in English, etc.
@pixel ,

Look up his profile. a 17 yr old student
 
  • #13
119
23
It probably feels like you apply more force than the initial kinetic friction because you move the cup faster.
You have to do more work in that case.
The amount of power is ## P=F v ## so it might feel like you apply more force because it is harder to apply the same force.
 

Related Threads on How can kinetic friction force be constant if....?

Replies
5
Views
2K
Replies
1
Views
2K
  • Last Post
2
Replies
34
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
6
Views
10K
  • Last Post
Replies
6
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
14
Views
18K
Replies
2
Views
5K
Replies
19
Views
2K
Replies
3
Views
1K
Top