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How is the -(ct)^2 term in Minkowski metric conceived?

  1. Nov 13, 2009 #1
    Hi,

    I am just trying to understand Special Relativity by reading http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Introduction_to_special_relativity

    All is ok except where in "The Minkowski formulation: introduction of spacetime",
    the introduction of -(ct)^2 term is not clearly justified (or so it seems to me) in the article.

    Will someone explain to me, or guide me to some reference where I can find answers to:
    1. Why is it negative instead of positive?
    2. Why is speed of light chosen?

    On another related note, I have read about the claim/observation/proposition that speed of light is constant for all observers in their own reference frames. But it is not clear whether this is the consequence of experimental result or the inherent characteristic of modelling the space-time coordinate using speed of light as one of the parameters. If it is an experimental observation, what is the experimental set up like? i.e. How is the measurement taken? Any help is appreciated. thanks!
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 13, 2009 #2

    A.T.

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    Gold Member

    1) Because that is how the dimensions of Minkowski space time are defined. See this thread:
    https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=333705

    2) Convenience. It makes nice graphs if you scale the axes like this.
    Did you see the sticky thread on top the forum?
    https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=229034
    Look for "Michelson and Morley"
     
  4. Nov 13, 2009 #3
    Opps, my bad. I read the "READ ME FIRST" but totally missed the first sticky. Sorry.
     
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