# How to calculate the height submerged of cylinder

## Main Question or Discussion Point

A hollow cylinder (but not open ended) is allowed to float on a liquid. Can anyone please help me how to calculate the height (h) it submerge? I want to get a relationship between height and cylinder weight.

I can calculate the volume of submerged part. But no idea how to derive a formula with weight and height.

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Simon Bridge
Homework Helper
The formula you have derived for the volume of the submerged part should have an h in it - that's the unknown you want to find right? So the volume submerged is a function of height.

V=f(h)

Presumably you also know the mass of the cylender M and the density p of the water?

By Archimedes: the cylinder floats when M=pV ... solve for h.

I think you misunderstood what I said. Sorry for being not descriptive.

Since I know the weight of cylinder, I can calculate volume of the water displaced. But it doesn't contain 'h' in it.

I am struggling to get 'h' into this volume,i.e. I want to know f(h)

Simon Bridge
Homework Helper
Show me your formula for the volume of the submerged part of the cylinder.

Vwaterwater.g = mcylinder.g
Vwater = mcylinderwater

Simon Bridge
Homework Helper
Oh I see what you mean ...
That is only the volume of water that has the same mass as the cylinder - which is only the volume of cylinder submerged if the cylinder floats. That's the condition you need to find h. You need to also find the volume in terms of h.

The submerged volume of the cylinder is AL (the area of the cylinder end that is under water multiplied by the length of the cylinder). The area will depend on R (radius of the cylinder) and h.

You can work that out by calculus or just look it up.
Then you put the volume of the cylinder found this way equal to the volume of water you already have.

Yeah, that's where I am stuck at.

V = L$\int A(h)dh$

I was not able to find A(h) so far. Anyway I'll have a look again whether I can find any relationship. I'll post what I have done so far a little later.

I couldn't go much far...

If $l$ is length of cylinder,

$y·sin\theta=2r-x$

$y=\frac{2r-x}{sin\theta}$

$Area=2·y·cos\theta·l$

$=2·\frac{2r-x}{sin\theta}·cos\theta·l$

$=2·(2r-x)·cot\theta·l$

$Volume=\int ^{0}_{\frac{\pi}{2}} 2(2r-x)·cot\theta·l·d\theta$

How can I get a relationship between $x$ and $\theta$? Please let me know whether my approach is correct and what should I do from hereon.

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I think I found the answer. It is so simple than I thought :)

Circular Segment

Equation (9) is the solution :)

Simon Bridge