I If a magnet does not feel the Lenz force, will there be a violation of energy?

Consider the following, a magnet and a charge is attached to a platform, which is constrained to move only up and down direction. Now, if magnet is moved towards charge, due to changing magnetic field, an electric field will be created. This electric field will impart force on charge. since the magnet and charge are attached on a same platform and platform can move only up and down, magnet will not experience lenz force. But the whole platform will move up ( or down according to electric field direction ). So, we are getting work from system but magnet will not experience lenz force as it will also move with the charge. Will it violate energy conservation ?
 
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No system which follows Maxwells equations can violate the conservation of energy.
 
Would you explain me how it will conserve for this particular case ?
 
No system which follows Maxwells equations can violate the conservation of energy.
And the Lorentz force law.
 
Then there will be an equal and opposite force on the magnet.
How can an opposite force act on Magnet in this case ? ....when you have a magnet and coil, there is only lenz force which acts on the magnet which will resist the motion of magnet. But in this case there is no lenz force and no other opposite force also.
 
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How can an opposite force act on Magnet in this case ? ....when you have a magnet and coil, there is only lenz force which acts on the magnet which will resist the motion of magnet. But in this case there is no lenz force and no other opposite force also.
The magnet will "see" a moving charge which produces a magnetic field.
 
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Would you explain me how it will conserve for this particular case ?
I can do better than that. I can explain how it is conserved for all possible cases. See here:


The application to your specific scenario is left as an exercise for the interested reader.
 
The magnet will "see" a moving charge which produces a magnetic field.
magnet will see charge coming towards it, but it will not exert force since the angle between velocity and magnetic field is zero ( lorenz force f = q(v×b) ).
 
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A permanent magnet is a complicated object containing internal " currents". (Two magnets are attracted when neither of them is moving, for instance).
I was pointing out that equally disturbing in your initial premise was the violation of Newtons Laws. Your premise is false.
 
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The whole reason that we do general proofs, like the one I posted above, is that analyzing particular scenarios can be tricky. We can do a general analysis and know that energy is always conserved no matter what, for any scenario that obeys Maxwell’s equations. The complicated details of any particular scenario are irrelevant.

I am not even clear on the actual scenario proposed, but it doesn’t matter. Energy is provably conserved regardless.
 

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The OP's contention seems to be that the electric dipole character of the "magnetic" field of a moving magnet will cause a force on the charge.

But where does this dipole field come from? "The fields transform like that" isn't an answer (or only half an answer, anyway). There needs to be a source term for an electric field, or else Maxwell's equations don't hold in this frame. The answer is that the magnet itself, viewed in a frame where it is moving, is a little bit of an electric dipole. So it will feel a force from the Coulomb field of the charge. Thus the platform won't move.
 
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The OP's contention seems to be that the electric dipole character of the "magnetic" field of a moving magnet will cause a force on the charge.

But where does this dipole field come from? "The fields transform like that" isn't an answer (or only half an answer, anyway). There needs to be a source term for an electric field, or else Maxwell's equations don't hold in this frame. The answer is that the magnet itself, viewed in a frame where it is moving, is a little bit of an electric dipole. So it will feel a force from the Coulomb field of the charge. Thus the platform won't move.
From magnet's perspective, charge is moving towards it. Magnet will see that velocity of charge and Magnetic field is zero, so there is no lorenz force on charge ( q(v×b)). So there will no opposite force on magnet. Magnet will see that the force on charge is only due to changing magnetic field. Energy will only conserve if lenz force will act on magnet, which is not applicable in this case.
 

Ibix

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From magnet's perspective, charge is moving towards it.
In the magnet's rest frame the charge is moving, yes, so generates a magnetic field that creates a force on the magnet. Thus the platform does not move.
 
In the magnet's rest frame the charge is moving, yes, so generates a magnetic field that creates a force on the magnet. Thus the platform does not move.
Yes, Charge generates magnetic field. But calculate the lorentz force, it will be zero. As ( v×B) is zero. So, magnet can not get opposite force.
 

Ibix

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Yes, Charge generates magnetic field. But calculate the lorentz force, it will be zero. As ( v×B) is zero. So, magnet can not get opposite force.
Just to be clear: here you are saying that a magnet does not apply a force to another magnet that is not co-linear with it. Is my understanding of your position correct? If so, could you explain how a compass works?
 
Just to be clear: here you are saying that a magnet does not apply a force to another magnet that is not co-linear with it. Is my understanding of your position correct? If so, could you explain how a compass works?
Just consider force on a magnet by a current carrying conductor which is perpendicular to magnet's north or south pole. Since ( V×B) is zero, no force on conductor and hence, no force on magnet.
 

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Just consider force on a magnet by a current carrying conductor which is perpendicular to magnet's north or south pole. Since ( V×B) is zero, no force on conductor and hence, no force on magnet.
The charge is not above either pole of the magnet as I understand your setup.
 
The charge is not above either pole of the magnet as I understand your setup.
In my setup, magnet's north or south pole ( whatever you can choose ) is moving towards charge.
 

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In my setup, magnet's north or south pole ( whatever you can choose ) is moving towards charge.
In that case the magnetic field at the charge is parallel to the motion, and there is no electric field contribution from the magnet nor magnetic contribution from the charge. From symmetry there is clearly no transverse force on either the magnet or the charge and the platform does not move.
 
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a magnet and a charge is attached to a platform, which is constrained to move only up and down direction. Now, if magnet is moved towards charge
Hold on. If the magnet and the charge are both attached to the platform, then how can the magnet move towards the charge?

From magnet's perspective, charge is moving towards it.
How? Aren’t they both attached to the platform?

A diagram might be helpful
 
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Ibix

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A diagram might be helpful
The impression I have now is that the platform is better described as a tube, with a charge attached at one end and a bar magnet inside it at the other end and free to slide along the length of the tube. The tube is constrained somehow (attached to a cart on rails, perhaps) so that it may move freely perpendicular to its length.

The OP's contention is that pushing the bar magnet along the tube causes a force on the charge that makes the tube move along the rails. Since the fields are axisymmetric in this case (at least for all frames with velocities parallel to the tube) this is clearly wrong just from symmetry. And, in fact, boosts in that direction do not change the E and B field strengths on axis, where both the charge and magnet lie (excepting a possible transient when the magnet is accelerated), so I don't understand where he thinks the Lorentz force he's worried about comes from (it's zero in this case). Nevertheless, he did confirm that everything is colinear.
 

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If the magnet is moving, there's also an electric field!
Not on axis if its movement is parallel to the axis of the magnet. But even if there were, it wouldn't cause a transverse force.
 
Not on axis if its movement is parallel to the axis of the magnet. But even if there were, it wouldn't cause a transverse force.
As magnet moves, charge experiences change in magnetic field. So, there is an electric field produced in peripheral direction of tube. If charge is happened to be slightly a side to the center of tube, then it will experience a force. Since charge is attached and tube also constrained to move perpendicular direction of length, it will move. But magnet will not feel any lenz force, which we have in our normal interaction of magnet and coil.
 

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