do they deflect / accelerate electrons in an antenna? For an electron to accelerate it has to experience an electric field or changing magnetic field. What I can tell from the standard model a photon carries no charge = no electric field. Further a classic EM wave is defined by an E vector giving the magnitude of the E field, EM waves are photons which have no charge therefore no E field - what gives? Obviously EM waves can accelerate electrons in antennas, I used a WiFi link to post this. How have I messed these ideas up. Apologies if this has been answered before or if it is a dumb question.