Let's all imagine that History played itself out a little differently. Let's imagine that Abraham Lincoln was almost exactly the same person, except he didn't have the will to fight a war over the issue of secession. Let's imagine that Abraham Lincoln had respected the wishes of the southern states to form their own independent nation, and all the states which were in rebellion against the union peacefully secceded and set up their own government. Let's also say that somehow the Union and the Confederacy worked out a deal to split up the remaining territories pretty equally, and both sides were reasonably content with how the deal worked out for each of them. So all the continental USA has been split up by the Confederacy and the Union. How do you imagine history would have progressed from there? Would the Confederacy and the Union still be seperate today, or might they have re-joined after a long enough period of time? Would slavery have been abolished in the Confederacy at any point? If it had been, would there have still been "black codes" in place forcing blacks to live in a lower "caste"? What would've happened with states such as West Virginia and Maryland, which were slave states but did not rebel against the union? Might the Confederacy have attempted to expand itself further into latin America, annexing more of Mexico and places like Cuba? If the Confederacy had survived into modern times, how might it have reacted to things like WWI and WWII, and might it have been an ally of the Union? If the Confederacy did not ally itself with the Union, might WWI and WWII have had different outcomes, assuming that only the Union or the Confederacy would've fought in them? Might FDR have been President of the Confederacy instead of the Union?