# Inequality Problems: Struggling with Answers?

• Curd
OR2) M < 0 AND N < 0. (For example (-3)(-4) = 12... both factors are negative.)In other words, for the product to be positive, both factors have to be positive, or both factors have to be negative. Now, in the problem at hand, one of the factors is x + sqrt(a). And we know that x + sqrt(a) < 0. So, for the product to be positive, the other factor must also be negative. But the other factor is x - sqrt(a)... and we want to know what values of x make x - sqrt(a) negative (so that we can then multiply it by a
Curd
attached are the problems (actually i don't think i bothered with #96) I'm having trouble with.

attached is ONE of my attempts

and attached is the book's answers.

I have NO idea where to even begin with these.

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• inequalities.jpg
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For 97, you have a note for 0 <= |a| that says this is not true. It most certainly is true.

For 101, where you have a question, the assumption is that x < -sqrt(a), so x + sqrt(a) < 0.
So x - sqrt(a) < -sqrt(a) - sqrt(a) = -2sqrt(a) < 0. This shows that x - sqrt(a) < 0.
Now, since x + sqrt(a) < 0, as well, the product (x - sqrt(a))(x + sqrt(a)) > 0, since both factors are negative.

Mark44 said:
For 97, you have a note for 0 <= |a| that says this is not true. It most certainly is true.

For 101, where you have a question, the assumption is that x < -sqrt(a), so x + sqrt(a) < 0.
So x - sqrt(a) < -sqrt(a) - sqrt(a) = -2sqrt(a) < 0. This shows that x - sqrt(a) < 0.
Now, since x + sqrt(a) < 0, as well, the product (x - sqrt(a))(x + sqrt(a)) > 0, since both factors are negative.

how do you get that for 97? a could be anything. and how can a number have an absolute value that is less than 0 and = to 0? the number must be the same distance from 0 on both sides of 0.

i have no idea what you've done with 101. it looks like you've arbitrarily tossed some equations together.

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Curd said:
how do you get that for 97? a could be anything. and how can a number have an absolute value that is less than 0 and = to 0? the number must be the same distance from 0 on both sides of 0.
You are misreading the inequality in two ways. The inequality 0 <= |a| says
1) |a| is greater than 0 (not less than, as you wrote).
OR (not "and", as you wrote).
2) |a| is equal to zero

this is what i got for 101. i can't seem to get one of the inequality symbols to turn the right direction. what did i do wrong?

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Mark44 said:
You are misreading the inequality in two ways. The inequality 0 <= |a| says
1) |a| is greater than 0 (not less than, as you wrote).
OR (not "and", as you wrote).
2) |a| is equal to zero

1) okay, so how can a number have an absolute value that is GREATER than 0 and = to 0? the number must be the same distance from 0 on both sides of 0.

2) how can an absolute be equal to 0 and less than OR greater than 0? the only thing i can think of is -0 and +0 which are both still 0. the fact that one number must be zero implies that the absolute value has values, one of which is 0 and one of which is greater than 0. this is impossible since both numbers of the absolute value must be the same distance from 0. as in -1 and +1 or -8 and +8.

3) i can show that |1| is 1 and -1 though... and that |8| is 8 and -8 ergo since |a| is a and -a then |a| is equal to or less than a since a is a and -a is less than a. but I'm guessing that's not really where they were going with that problem?

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Curd said:
1) okay, so how can a number have an absolute value that is GREATER than 0 and = to 0? the number must be the same distance from 0 on both sides of 0.
"and" is the wrong word. I hoped that by writing it in red (OR) you would notice that. Apparently not.
Curd said:
2) how can an absolute be equal to 0 and less than OR greater than 0?
It can't. A number can be:
less than zero
less than or equal to zero
equal to zero
greater than zero
greater than or equal to zero

A number can't be equal to zero AND less than zero OR greater than zero.
Curd said:
the only thing i can think of is -0 and +0 which are both still 0. the fact that one number must be zero implies that the absolute value has values, one of which is 0 and one of which is greater than 0. this is impossible since both numbers of the absolute value must be the same distance from 0. as in -1 and +1 or -8 and +8.
You are confused about the meaning of absolute value. The absolute value of a number is one value, not two. Your confusion might be that |1| = 1 while |-1| = 1 as well. For a given positive number, there are two real numbers whose absolute value is that number.
Curd said:
3) i can show that |1| is 1 and -1 though...
No you can't. |1| = 1. Period.
Curd said:
and that |8| is 8 and -8
No. |8| = 8 and |-8| = 8.
Curd said:
ergo since |a| is a and -a then |a| is equal to or less than a since a is a and -a is less than a. but I'm guessing that's not really where they were going with that problem?

That's wrong, too.

|a| = a if a happens to be positive, but |a| = -a, if a happens to be negative, but |a| represents only one value, not two as you are writing.

Curd said:
this is what i got for 101. i can't seem to get one of the inequality symbols to turn the right direction. what did i do wrong?
It would be easier if put your work here in text, rather than as a screen shot.

To comment on your work I have to use two screens, and switch back and forth between the two.

Where you have
(x - sqrt(a))(x + sqrt(a)) > 0,

you have two factors whose product is positive. For the sake of simpliciy, let's call them M and N.

If M*N > 0, then one of two things must be true:
1) M > 0 AND N > 0. (For example, (2)(6) = 12 > 0)
OR
2) M < 0 AND N < 0. (For example, (-2)(-6) = 12 > 0)

After this line -
(x - sqrt(a))(x + sqrt(a)) > 0

your work should include two cases, one where both factors are positive, and the other where both factors are negative.

i haven't read your posts yet, but i just realized that |a| must be greater than or = to 0 because there can be no greater than or lesser than with |0|. the absolute value of 0 is just zero. so the absolute value, as in the value you get when you count the spaces from 0 on the number line, must always be more or equal to 0.

Mark44 said:
"and" is the wrong word. I hoped that by writing it in red (OR) you would notice that. Apparently not.
It can't. A number can be:
less than zero
less than or equal to zero
equal to zero
greater than zero
greater than or equal to zero

A number can't be equal to zero AND less than zero OR greater than zero.
You are confused about the meaning of absolute value. The absolute value of a number is one value, not two. Your confusion might be that |1| = 1 while |-1| = 1 as well. For a given positive number, there are two real numbers whose absolute value is that number. No you can't. |1| = 1. Period.
No. |8| = 8 and |-8| = 8.

That's wrong, too.

|a| = a if a happens to be positive, but |a| = -a, if a happens to be negative, but |a| represents only one value, not two as you are writing.

then why is it that when we solve for absolute values we always solve for the negative and the positive?

Curd said:
then why is it that when we solve for absolute values we always solve for the negative and the positive?

Let's say you want to solve for x, where |x| < 10. So in this case, -10 < x < 10. This makes sense since any value a between -10 and 10 will satisfy |a| < 10. e.g. |-9| = 9 < 10, |3| = 3 < 10, etc..

-----------

To answer your original question though, the absolute value of a number is defined as the numerical value, without regard to its sign.

Curd said:
then why is it that when we solve for absolute values we always solve for the negative and the positive?
This is where your confusion is. Any given real number has only one absolute value. After all, that number is a certain distance from zero. For any distance except zero, there are two numbers that distance away from zero.

The equation |x| = 5 has two solutions: x = 5 OR x = -5. Both of these numbers are 5 units away from zero.

can we start this again with problem 97 and go in order through each problem? they are dependent on each other.

this is my new answer for number 97

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Again, it would be helpful if you posted your work directly on this page rather than a screen shot. As already mentioned, anyone helping needs to keep track of two screens. For another thing, to comment on your work, I have to type it, too, in addition to comments I make.

If you want help, don't make it more difficult for someone to give you help.

In the work you posted, there are several things that aren't true.

You wrote 0 <= |a|. This is true by definition. Your reason is incorrect, though.
"because a must be a positive value" - a can be any real number. |a| can be either 0 or positive, but it can't be negative.

"if absolute value of a is on the negative side ..." - |a| is never negative.

"if it is on the positive side the (sic) a is = to a" -- Any number is always equal to itself. What's the point of saying this?

Mark44 said:
Again, it would be helpful if you posted your work directly on this page rather than a screen shot. As already mentioned, anyone helping needs to keep track of two screens. For another thing, to comment on your work, I have to type it, too, in addition to comments I make.

If you want help, don't make it more difficult for someone to give you help.

In the work you posted, there are several things that aren't true.

You wrote 0 <= |a|. This is true by definition. Your reason is incorrect, though.
"because a must be a positive value" - a can be any real number. |a| can be either 0 or positive, but it can't be negative.

"if absolute value of a is on the negative side ..." - |a| is never negative.

"if it is on the positive side the (sic) a is = to a" -- Any number is always equal to itself. What's the point of saying this?

the problem is to prove a < or = to |a|

a can be a or -a but |a| is always going to be the positive of those two as it is the distance that is counted in the case of |a| and not the actual value. the point is to show that the a in |a| can be a or -a. so a is less than or equal to |a|. I'm not sure that's a proof but it is a given point of the definition i believe.

if this explanation is a correct solution to the problem then please show me number 98. if not then please critique it and the next problem too.

98) prove that |a+b| less than or equal to |a|+|b|

they give a hint to expand "|a+b|^2 = (a+b)^2" for some reason that i am not capable of understanding at the moment.

Curd said:
98) prove that |a+b| less than or equal to |a|+|b|

they give a hint to expand "|a+b|^2 = (a+b)^2" for some reason that i am not capable of understanding at the moment.

In (Elementary) Algebra you should have learned the "square of a binomial pattern" or "perfect square trinomial." If you do not recall this, remember that
(a + b)2 = (a + b)(a + b)
and you can multiply the two binomials using FOIL.

um, I've known that for quite some time. that wasn't the issue.

the issue was, how am i to prove "that |a+b| less than or equal to |a|+|b" with that or without that.

$$|x|=\left\{\begin{array}{cc}x,&\mbox{ if } x\geq 0\\-x, & \mbox{ if } x<0 \end{array}\right.$$

Curd said:
um, I've known that for quite some time. that wasn't the issue.

the issue was, how am i to prove "that |a+b| less than or equal to |a|+|b" with that or without that.

Well, your comment wasn't clear to me, then. You should have specified that you know about the square of a binomial pattern but didn't know how to use it.

Show us the expanded form of (a + b)2:
|a + b|2 = (a + b)2 = ?

...and then answer this: what can you say about a2 and |a|2? And after answering that, what can you do about the expanded trinomial?

## 1. What is considered an "inequality problem"?

An inequality problem refers to a situation in which there is a disparity or unequal distribution of resources, opportunities, or outcomes among individuals or groups within a society.

## 2. What are the main causes of inequality?

Inequality can be caused by a variety of factors, including socioeconomic status, discrimination based on race, gender, or other characteristics, unequal access to education and healthcare, and systemic policies that perpetuate economic and social disparities.

## 3. How does inequality affect society?

Inequality can have many negative impacts on society, including hindering economic growth, exacerbating poverty and social unrest, and perpetuating discriminatory attitudes and behaviors.

## 4. What are some solutions to address inequality?

There are various approaches to addressing inequality, including implementing policies that promote equal opportunity, providing access to education and healthcare for all, implementing progressive taxation, and addressing systemic discrimination and biases.

## 5. How can individuals help reduce inequality?

Individuals can take action to reduce inequality by educating themselves and others about the issue, supporting businesses and organizations that promote diversity and equality, advocating for policies that address inequality, and participating in volunteer work and activism aimed at promoting fairness and justice.

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