# Infinite sum help (geometric series)

## Homework Statement

Well, the original question is to solve this ...

$$\sum$$ 1/(a2 + x2)

the sum goes from x=-infinity to infinity (i wasnt sure how to show this with the latex??)

and the answer i am supposed to show is $$\pi$$/a + (2*$$\pi$$/a) * (1/(e2*$$\pi$$*a - 1)

## Homework Equations

So, using Poisson resummation and some results from previous exercises, i get the new problem to being

$$\sum$$ ($$\pi$$/a) * (e-2*$$\pi$$*a*|v|)

the sum now from v=-infinity to infinity

## The Attempt at a Solution

so i can split this into three.

the easy bit is to take the v=o part, this gives me the $$\pi$$/a required in the answer.

then i have two parts, the sum with v=1 to infinity and the sum with v=-infinity to -1

these two parts are identical, due to the |v|.

so i have 2*$$\sum$$ ($$\pi$$/a) * (e-2*$$\pi$$*a*|v|)

i can take the 2*$$\pi$$/a outside of the sum, as it has no v element.

so now i am left having to show that

$$\sum$$ (e-2*$$\pi$$*a*|v|) = (1/(e2*$$\pi$$*a - 1)

which, i realise is just a (i think) simple geometric series sum ... and yet im not sure how to show these two equate?

any help would be brilliant, thank you.

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Dick
Homework Helper
The sum from 0 to infinity is 1/(1-exp(-2*pi*a)), geometric series, right? So the sum from 1 to infinity is [1/(1-exp(-2*pi*a))]-1. Do some algebra including multiply numerator and denominator by exp(2*pi*a).

tiny-tim