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Landau Theory - Order parameter- Extensive or intensive?

  1. May 23, 2017 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    1) Is the order paramter ##\phi(x)## intensive or extensive?
    2) Is ##M## intensive or extensive?

    With the following definitions :

    defssssssss.png


    2. Relevant equations

    3. The attempt at a solution

    1) Free energy is extensive, however I don' think I can use this to deduce whether ##\phi(x)## is intensive or extensive via (1) since it will depend on the exact form of ##W(\phi)##

    Some texts say it's intensive and others extensive.

    For example :

    text2.png text1.png

    2) I believe ##H## the external field is intensive; and so since ##M## is it's conjugate variable via ##M=\frac{\partial A}{\partial H}## , ##M## must be extensive?

    Any help much appreciated.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 24, 2017 #2
    Say you have a block of material and you measure the magnetization to have a certain magnitude. Now you cut up the block into n equal pieces. Does the magnetization of each piece equal the magnetization of the whole block divided by n? If so it is extensive. Does the magnetization of each piece equal the magnetization of the whole block? If so it is intensive. Ask yourself the same questions by imagining that you could measure the order parameter.
     
  4. May 24, 2017 #3
    intensive.
     
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