Linear and Rotational Kinetic Energy

• woaini

Homework Statement

A solid cylinder is rolling without slipping. What fraction of its kinetic energy is linear?

Homework Equations

Ke=$\frac{mv^2}{2}$+$\frac{I(v/r)^2}{2}$

The Attempt at a Solution

Ke=$\frac{mv^2}{2}$+$\frac{(v/r)^2}{2}$*$\frac{(mr)^2}{2}$

Ke=$\frac{3(mv)^2}{4}$

Linear Ke =$\frac{(mv)^2}{4}$

Fraction of Linear Ke = $\frac{linear Ke}{Ke}$ = $\frac{(1/4)}{(3/4)}$ = $\frac{1}{3}$

Answers and Replies

hi woaini!
Linear Ke =$\frac{(mv)^2}{4}$

uhh?

Ke= ... *$\frac{(mr)^2}{2}$
The m should not be getting squared. You need to be more careful with the parentheses.

hi woaini!

uhh?

Nvm it should be 1/2. Therefore I should get a final answer of 2/3 linear kinetic energy?

Therefore I should get a final answer of 2/3 linear kinetic energy?

yup!

btw, a way of checking this is to say the mass is m, the "rolling mass" (= I/r2) = m/2, so the "effective mass" is 3m/2, and eg the acceleration down a slope must be multiplied by 2/3 (but don't use that in the exam )

(for a sphere, it's m + 2m/5 = 7m/5, and the acceleration must be multiplied by 5/7)