# Maximum impact parameter given effective potential

stephen8686
This problem is from David Morin's classical mechanics textbook:

I am having trouble with Part b. Here is the textbook's answer:

I do not understand why large particle energies lead to capture. I would think that smaller energies would lead to capture because the particle wouldn't have enough energy to escape the gravitational potential, whereas large energy particles could woosh past. If someone could explain why my intuition is wrong, that would be very helpful.

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How do you make out that larger energies lead to capture?

Ibix
stephen8686
How do you make out that larger energies lead to capture?
That's what the answer says, "The condition for capture is therefore ##V_{eff}^{max}\leq E## " That is the part of the answer that I don't understand