Maximum Stress in a rotating Cylinder.

In summary, maximum stress in a rotating cylinder is the highest level of internal stress that occurs when it is subjected to rotational forces. It can be calculated using the formula: σmax = σavg + σrot and is affected by factors such as material properties, applied load, rotational speed, and geometry. The maximum stress can lead to failure if it exceeds the material's strength limit and can be reduced by changing the material, altering geometry, or adjusting applied load and speed. Proper design and maintenance are also important for reducing maximum stress.
  • #1
mk47k
4
0

Homework Statement


A cylinder has a height and length of 0.89m. It's mass is known to be 1000kg. The cylinder is rotated at 14000 RPM. Calculate the Maximum stress in the cylinder.

2. The attempt at a solution
The maximum stress should occur at the center of the cylinder.
The centepietal force is equal to F=mv2 / r .

Now this is where I'm having problems. After I calculate the force what area should I divide it by to find the max stress?. Can I just assume the area to be really small such as 0.001*d ?
 
Physics news on Phys.org
  • #2
what's d answer?
 
  • #3


I would approach this problem by first defining the variables and assumptions. The maximum stress in a rotating cylinder can be calculated using the equation σ = ρω^2r, where ρ is the density of the material, ω is the angular velocity, and r is the distance from the axis of rotation. In this case, we can assume that the cylinder is made of a uniform material, so ρ can be considered a constant.

Next, we need to determine the angular velocity (ω) and the distance from the axis of rotation (r). The given information states that the cylinder is rotated at 14000 RPM, which can be converted to radians per second (rad/s) by multiplying by 2π/60. This gives us an angular velocity of approximately 1468.6 rad/s.

To find the distance from the axis of rotation (r), we can use the given dimensions of the cylinder. Since the cylinder is rotating on its central axis, we can assume that the maximum stress occurs at the center of the cylinder. Therefore, the distance from the axis of rotation (r) is equal to half of the height or length of the cylinder, which is 0.445 m.

Now, we can plug in the values into the equation σ = ρω^2r to calculate the maximum stress. Using the given mass of 1000 kg, we can find the density of the cylinder by dividing the mass by its volume. Since the cylinder has a height and length of 0.89 m, the volume can be calculated as V = πr^2h, where r is the radius of the cylinder. Since the cylinder is not given to have a specific radius, we can assume it to be half of the height, which is 0.445 m. This gives us a volume of approximately 0.558 m^3. Therefore, the density (ρ) is equal to 1000 kg/0.558 m^3 = 1792.85 kg/m^3.

Plugging in all the values, we get σ = (1792.85 kg/m^3)(1468.6 rad/s)^2(0.445 m) = 1.46 x 10^9 Pa. This is the maximum stress in the rotating cylinder.

In conclusion, as a scientist, I would approach this problem by defining the variables and assumptions, and then using the appropriate equation to calculate
 

Related to Maximum Stress in a rotating Cylinder.

1. What is the definition of maximum stress in a rotating cylinder?

Maximum stress in a rotating cylinder is the highest level of internal stress that occurs in a cylinder when it is subjected to rotational forces.

2. How is maximum stress calculated in a rotating cylinder?

Maximum stress in a rotating cylinder is calculated using the formula: σmax = σavg + σrot, where σavg is the average stress and σrot is the stress caused by rotation.

3. What factors affect the maximum stress in a rotating cylinder?

The maximum stress in a rotating cylinder is affected by factors such as the cylinder's material properties, applied load, rotational speed, and geometry.

4. How does the maximum stress in a rotating cylinder affect its strength?

The maximum stress in a rotating cylinder can lead to failure if it exceeds the material's strength limit. It is important to consider this stress when designing rotating cylinders to ensure they can withstand the applied forces.

5. Can the maximum stress in a rotating cylinder be reduced?

Yes, the maximum stress in a rotating cylinder can be reduced by changing the cylinder's material, altering its geometry, or adjusting the applied load and rotational speed. Proper design and maintenance can also help reduce the maximum stress.

Similar threads

  • Mechanical Engineering
Replies
5
Views
1K
  • Engineering and Comp Sci Homework Help
2
Replies
36
Views
4K
  • Mechanical Engineering
Replies
3
Views
1K
  • Engineering and Comp Sci Homework Help
Replies
1
Views
1K
  • Engineering and Comp Sci Homework Help
Replies
1
Views
1K
  • Engineering and Comp Sci Homework Help
Replies
11
Views
4K
  • Engineering and Comp Sci Homework Help
Replies
5
Views
2K
  • Thermodynamics
Replies
5
Views
1K
  • Classical Physics
Replies
3
Views
999
  • Mechanical Engineering
Replies
2
Views
2K
Back
Top