Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Homework Help: Mechanical Engineering - Pin joint Framework problem

  1. Dec 23, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A framework of pin jointed members has to be designed to support a plug introduced into the reservoir wall to prevent leakage and further progression of a crack along the wall. The plug is cylindrical, has a diameter of 0.35 m and is supported by a single pin joint. The frame is anchored to the ground using a pin joint and a roller joint. Firstly, design the simplest framework to hold the plug in place. The problem is to be presented and solved as a system of equations using MathCAD.

    2. Relevant equations

    It is deriving the equations on the joints and beams that I am having trouble with.

    3. The attempt at a solution

    So far I have a diagram of the frame work:


    and have worked out the force that is being excerted on the plug:


    But I'm having trouble comming up with the 6 equations involving (F1, F2, F3, H2, V2 and V3). Now I think all of the equations will be equal to 0, apart from the sum of the vertical forces in joint 1 which will be equal to 9808 N, and the sum of the horizontal components in joint 1 which will be equal to 5663 N. Apart from that I'm at a loss and don't really understand how to get the equations.

    Any help would be greatley appreciated.
    Last edited: Dec 23, 2008
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 23, 2008 #2


    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    The problem says 'design the simplest..". Thinking ideally and simply, since the force applied at the plug acts 30 degrees below the horizontal, I'd tend to just put in a single member F2, inclined at 30 degrees from the horizontal, and pinned top and bottom, to take the axial 11kN+/- load, and that's it (but check buckling). I suppose, though, a frame works better, in case that the member is not installed exactly at 30 degrees. You gave one example of the supporting truss, but with no dimensions. There are countless others, which may be more economic. Anyway, you just have to apply the 3 equilibrium equations (sum of Fx, sum of Fy, and sum of torques, all each equal to 0),to get the support reactions, and apply the method of joints to get the member forces, using the 2 equilibrium equations sum of Fx and sum of Fy at each joint each equal to zero.
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook