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Modeling and Simulation (Spring, Mass, Damper system)

  1. Dec 7, 2014 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    upload_2014-12-7_7-21-50.png

    1. The first part of the problem was to find a transfer function. Output is the displacement of the mass (mass of pinion is negligible)

    2.The next thing to do was find the poles, which I believe means set the denominator=0 and solve for s.

    3. The next thing to do was find the damping ratio (z) and natural frequency (Wn)

    4. Here is where I am stuck:
    Determine values of k and b such that the following are met:
    m=0.1kg
    r=0.01m
    600msec<=rise time (tr)<=800msec
    and %OS <= 10%

    2. Relevant equations

    The transfer function I came up with:

    1. G(s)=(1/mr)/(s^2+b/m*s+k/m)

    Poles I found:

    2. Poles=(-b/m +- sqrt((b/m)^2-4(k/m)))/2

    3. z and Wn I found:

    z=b/(m*2*sqrt(k/m))
    Wn =sqrt(k/m)
    3. The attempt at a solution
    4. To attempt to find values I used:

    Tr~1.8/Wn


    substituting into rise time equation (4) above I came up with
    0.50625<=k<=0.9
    I also concluded that z must be >= 0.6 for the overshoot condition.
    and solving (2) for b I have
    b>=0.12 *sqrt(k/m)

    I have tried rearranging these equations every way I can think of to come up with a solution. I have also tried making graphs by hand and using Matlab (though I'm not great with Matlab). The thing I am running into is that there seems to be any number of solutions that will work, but I am assuming that I am wrong and that there should only be one valid solution.

    Any help will be greatly appreciated, I've spent many hours trying to figure this out!
     
    Last edited: Dec 7, 2014
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 11, 2014 #2

    donpacino

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    Gold Member

    first write out the equations for overshoot and rise time.

    then plug in your equations for zeta and the natural frequency. you'll have two equations, two unknowns, which is a match made in heaven!!!

    a3cdcd8d75e3e25996ba7562a96dd7de.png

    e8927d891c9f1da3bca211e83e93bb43.png

    pick a PO and tr, and go to town.
     
  4. Dec 12, 2014 #3
    Thanks donpacino. I appreciate your response. It turns out that the values were in fact arbitrary as long as they fit within the given conditions. So I was solving the problem correctly. I should have trusted myself and just picked some values. Instead I was under the assumption that the professor wanted specific values so I wasted a bunch of time assuming I was wrong. In fact the professor acknowledged after I asked him about it that he should have given more restrictions or been clear that it was more of a design problem than a find a specific value problem.
     
  5. Dec 12, 2014 #4

    donpacino

    User Avatar
    Gold Member

    Awesome!!! just a note:

    In the real world you are almost never given absolute requirements. you are given mins and maxes. the term 'good enough' is often used in real engineering. When designing a system with a max rise time and percent overshoot you can go below them as much as you want or can.

    Just remember that in many cases, to get those "better" responses you sometimes need more expensive, larger, or more complex components. So in many cases, barely meeting the design criteria may be your best option! (keep in mind barely meeting the criteria means barely meeting criteria with tolerance and margin in mind.
     
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