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Parametrizing the folium of Descartes

  1. Aug 15, 2009 #1
    After recently studying Calc III on my own, I came across this problem with parametrizing the folium of Descartes.


    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    Show that for t ≠ -1, 0, the line y = tx intersects the folium at the origin and at one other point P. Express the coordinates of P in terms of t to obtain a parametrization of the folium.

    2. Relevant equations

    The folium of Descartes is the curve with the equation x3 + y3 = 3axy, where a ≠ 0 is a constant.

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I couldn't really get anywhere with this problem. I understand why t ≠ -1, 0, and y = tx → t = y/x.
    Using the formula for the slope between two points with the origin (0, 0) and point P(x1, y1) on the folium went back to t = y/x

    I know that x(t) = 3at/(t3 + 1) and y(t) = 3at2/(t3 + 1) from the Internet but I couldn't find a good explanation of the steps in deriving the parametric equations. They look quite similar to the previous problem in the book which would probably help with this problem, but I couldn't do anything useful with that problem either:
    Show that the line of slope t through (-1, 0) intersects the unit circle in the point with coordinates x = (1-t2)/(t2 + 1), y = 2t/(t2 + 1)
    Conclude that these equations parametrize the unit circle with the point (-1, 0) excluded. Show further that t = y/(x + 1)
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 15, 2009 #2


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    Hi Bohrok! :smile:
    Just put t = y/x into x3 + y3 = 3axy :wink:
  4. Aug 15, 2009 #3
    Thanks so much tiny-tim! So annoying when I can't see the right path and start down a wrong one that doesn't work out... :redface:
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