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Partition function for one particle

  1. Jun 16, 2013 #1
    Does the energy distribution of one particle also follow the boltzmann distribution. I.e. can you get the energy distribution for a single particle by calculating its partition function and writing:
    P(E) = exp(-E/T)/Z
  2. jcsd
  3. Jun 16, 2013 #2


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    Staff: Mentor

    A single particle does not have a well-defined temperature.
    If that single particle is in contact to some "container" (heat bath) with a fixed temperature, it will follow the Boltzmann distribution.
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