# Permutations and Combinations people and cars

• brendan
In summary, when a family of nine has two vehicles with a maximum capacity of five people each, there are 126 possible ways to allocate the family members to the cars. If three of the family members only have a driver's license, there are 210 possible ways to allocate the remaining seven members to the cars, taking into account the three different driver combinations.
brendan

## Homework Statement

A family of nine has two vehicles, each of which can hold a maximum of five people.

## Homework Equations

How many different ways are there of allocating people to the cars?

If three of the memebers of the family only have a drivers licence, how many different ways are there of allocating people to the cars?

## The Attempt at a Solution

Question part a.

9 people 3 cars

9! / (6! * 3!) = 84

Question part b.

9! / 6! = 504

Hi brendan!
brendan said:
A family of nine has two vehicles, each of which can hold a maximum of five people.

How many different ways are there of allocating people to the cars?

If three of the memebers of the family only have a drivers licence, how many different ways are there of allocating people to the cars?

Question part a.

9 people 3 cars

9! / (6! * 3!) = 84

erm two cars!

but it's the wrong method anyway …

try again, using the 4 or the 5
Question part b.

9! / 6! = 504

Nooo … first fill up the drivers' seats, then fill up the rest.

In The formula

n! / (n-r)! would the n be the number of seats or the number of people?

There are 10 seats between two cars and 9 people.

would it be

10! / (10-9)!
= 3628800

or

10! / (10-5)! X 9! / (10-4)!

= 152409600

regards

hi brendan!

you're just guessing, aren't you?

sorry, but you really need to read this up again, right from the start

to help you along, it may be easier itf you use the nCm notation (pronounced "n choose m") …

the advantage is that that reminds you that it is the number of ways of choosing m items from n …

in this case, you can only split the passengers 4,5 or 5,4

so you need to choose 4 (or 5) to go in the first car …

read the chapter again, and then come back and have another try

Thanks mate.

9! / (9-5)! X 9! / (9-4)!

9C5 x 9C4

That is choose how many ways 5 people from the 9 people can go into the first car and ways 4 from the 9 people to go into the second car.

Now order is not important so we use the formula

n!/ (n-r! * r!)

which is for first car

9!/ (9-5! * 5!) and second car 9!/ (9-4! * 4!)

= 126 and 126

Do we than multiply together to get

15876 ?

regards
Brendan.

Sorry we should just add them

so 252 combinations

It gets pretty tricky with multiple combinations

Yes, it does get tricky. But the reason you add them is because you can either put five people into the first car or five people into the second. Those are your only options.

Hi brendan!
brendan said:
… 9C5 x 9C4

That is choose how many ways 5 people from the 9 people can go into the first car and ways 4 from the 9 people to go into the second car.

Now order is not important so we use the formula

n!/ (n-r! * r!)

which is for first car

9!/ (9-5! * 5!) and second car 9!/ (9-4! * 4!)

= 126 and 126
brendan said:
Sorry we should just add them

so 252 combinations
Dick said:
Yes, it does get tricky. But the reason you add them is because you can either put five people into the first car or five people into the second. Those are your only options.

brendan, it helps if you practice different ways of counting the same things …

in this case, you can either say (as you did) choose how many ways 5 people from the 9 people can go into the first car and ways 4 from the 9 people to go into the second car,

which is 9C5 + 9C4

or you can say we need to put 5 pepople in one of the cars, and it can be either the first car or the second car, so choose how many ways 5 people from the 9 people can go into the first car and ways 5 from the 9 people to go into the second car,

which is 9C5 + 9C5

or you can say (… what do you think? wink: …),

which is 9C4 + 9C4.

For Part B.

We have 3 drivers so they can be arranged in 3! ways = 6.
So after the drivers are allocated we still have 7 people to allocate and they can be allocated in groups of 4 or 3 so 7C3 or 7C4 which is the same = 35

We than mutiply those 35 combinations by the number of driver combinations which is 6.

therefore 6 x 35

= 210

regards
Brendan

brendan said:
For Part B.

We have 3 drivers so they can be arranged in 3! ways = 6.
So after the drivers are allocated we still have 7 people to allocate and they can be allocated in groups of 4 or 3 so 7C3 or 7C4 which is the same = 35

We than mutiply those 35 combinations by the number of driver combinations which is 6.

therefore 6 x 35

= 210

regards
Brendan

mmm … is it 35 or is it 70?

## 1. What is the difference between permutations and combinations?

Permutations and combinations are both counting techniques used in mathematics. Permutations refer to the number of ways to arrange a set of objects in a specific order, while combinations refer to the number of ways to select a subset of objects without regard to the order. In other words, permutations involve arranging objects, while combinations involve selecting objects.

## 2. How do permutations and combinations relate to people and cars?

In the context of people and cars, permutations refer to the number of ways to arrange a group of people in a line or sequence, while combinations refer to the number of ways to select a group of people without regard to their order. For example, the number of ways to arrange 5 people in a line is a permutation, while the number of ways to select 3 people from a group of 5 is a combination.

## 3. What is the formula for calculating permutations?

The formula for calculating permutations is n!/(n-r)!, where n represents the total number of objects and r represents the number of objects being selected or arranged.

## 4. How can permutations and combinations be applied to car options?

Permutations and combinations can be applied to car options by determining the number of ways to arrange a set of car features (such as color, model, and accessories) or by calculating the number of possible combinations of features to create a customized car. This can help car manufacturers and dealerships determine the most popular options and customize packages for their customers.

## 5. Are there any real-world applications of permutations and combinations with people and cars?

Yes, permutations and combinations with people and cars can be applied in various real-world scenarios such as organizing seating arrangements for events, calculating the number of possible car configurations for a car rental company, or determining the number of possible lottery combinations for a car prize. These counting techniques can also be applied in other industries, such as fashion and food, to determine the number of possible combinations of products.

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