Some books say when heat flows into a monatomic gas at constant volume, all of the added energy goes into an increase in random translational molecular kinetic energy. But when the temperature is increased by the same amount in a diatomic or polyatomic gas, additional heat is needed to supply the increased rotational and vibrational energies. Thus polyatomic gases have larger molar heat capacities than monatomic gases. Does the absolute temperature reflect translation kinetic energy of gases only? If all types of kinetic energy of gas particles are related to temperature, why polyatomic gases have larger molar heat capacities than monatomic gases?