• Support PF! Buy your school textbooks, materials and every day products Here!

Potential difference in uniform electric field

  • #1
Krushnaraj Pandya
Gold Member
697
71

Homework Statement


There is a uniform electric field=100 V/m inclined at 45 degrees with the x axis. My doubt boils to which is greater? V(0,0) or V(10√2,0) (since my answer has the wrong sign)

Homework Equations


All electrostatics formulas

The Attempt at a Solution


The work done to move a unit positive charge from origin to (10√2,0) is component of E on x axis*1 C*displacement. which works out to +1000 (since Force and displacement are in the same direction). Now W=-ΔU and ΔU/1 C =ΔV=-1000 but the answer is +1000. I would appreciate some help, thank you
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Doc Al
Mentor
44,892
1,144
which works out to +1000 (since Force and displacement are in the same direction).
That's the work done by the field as the charge moves from the origin to the given point.

Now W=-ΔU and ΔU/1 C =ΔV=-1000 but the answer is +1000.
The potential at the origin is indeed higher, but whether the "answer" is + or - depends on how it is worded. What's the exact wording of the question?
 
  • #3
Krushnaraj Pandya
Gold Member
697
71
That's the work done by the field as the charge moves from the origin to the given point.


The potential at the origin is indeed higher, but whether the "answer" is + or - depends on how it is worded. What's the exact wording of the question?
correct. The exact wording is as follows "In a uniform electric field E=100 V/m, the potential difference V(a) - V(b), where AB=10√2 m, is?"
Then there's a small figure which I'll completely describe so as not to miss any information. There is a horizontal dotted line on which A and B are marked, the distance between them is marked as 10√2 m. equally spaced Electric field lines are drawn throughout and their angle with this horizontal line is marked as 45 degrees. (I transformed this information into the question I posted here)
 
  • #4
haruspex
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Insights Author
Gold Member
32,781
5,050
their angle with this horizontal line is marked as 45 degrees
But are the arrows up to the right, up to the left, down to the left, or down to the right?
 
  • #5
Krushnaraj Pandya
Gold Member
697
71
But are the arrows up to the right, up to the left, down to the left, or down to the right?
up to the right (i.e. North-East).
 
  • #6
haruspex
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Insights Author
Gold Member
32,781
5,050
up to the right (i.e. North-East).
Then I refer you back to DocAl's original response. The work done by the field on a 1C charge moving from A to B is +1000J. The work done by an external agent causing it to so move is therefore -1000J. The potential at A is 1000V higher than at B.
 
  • #7
Krushnaraj Pandya
Gold Member
697
71
Then I refer you back to DocAl's original response. The work done by the field on a 1C charge moving from A to B is +1000J. The work done by an external agent causing it to so move is therefore -1000J. The potential at A is 1000V higher than at B.
Ah, right- how silly of me to overlook that. Thank you very much for your help.
 
  • #8
Doc Al
Mentor
44,892
1,144
The exact wording is as follows "In a uniform electric field E=100 V/m, the potential difference V(a) - V(b), where AB=10√2 m, is?"
As I suspected, they asked for V(a) - V(b) but you calculated (correctly) ΔV = V(b) - V(a). That's why the "answer" was positive.
 
  • #9
Krushnaraj Pandya
Gold Member
697
71
As I suspected, they asked for V(a) - V(b) but you calculated (correctly) ΔV = V(b) - V(a). That's why the "answer" was positive.
I am highly susceptible to the silliest mistakes possible. Even more so in Mathematics, there are times when I've begun typing a problem in PF after solving it incorrectly 5 times and while writing out "attempt at a solution" I realize I wrote 2+3 as 4 or something, I apologize for my lack of rigor, I am trying to be more accurate though.
 

Related Threads on Potential difference in uniform electric field

Replies
1
Views
5K
Replies
3
Views
10K
Replies
1
Views
2K
Replies
1
Views
28K
Replies
1
Views
6K
Replies
3
Views
4K
Replies
3
Views
6K
Replies
4
Views
27K
Replies
5
Views
2K
Replies
1
Views
3K
Top