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Relation between inverse trigonometric function

  1. Mar 31, 2014 #1
    Digging in the wiki, I found this relation between 'arc-functions' and 'arc-functions-hyperbolics"

    [tex]\\ arcsinh(x)= i \arcsin(-ix) \\ arccosh(x)= i \arccos(+ix) \\ arctanh(x)= i \arctan(-ix)[/tex] https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Funzioni_iperboliche#Funzioni_iperboliche_di_argomento_complesso

    Happens that I never see in anywhere a relation between those functions. This relationship is correct?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 31, 2014 #2

    D H

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    The second one is incorrect, and the other two are obvious.
     
  4. Apr 1, 2014 #3
    And which is the correct form for the second?
    Also, where can I find a full list (and correct)?
     
  5. Apr 3, 2014 #4
    Hey man, you'll let me in the doubt!?
     
  6. Apr 3, 2014 #5
    cosh(ix) = cos(x)

    therefore:

    arcosh(x) = i arccos(x)

    It's in the link you provided in the first post. You transcribed it incorrectly, that is all.

    All you need to prove the others is:

    sinh(ix) = i sin(x) and
    tanh(ix) = i tan(x)

    Give it a go, if can't work it out - ask again.
     
    Last edited: Apr 4, 2014
  7. Apr 3, 2014 #6
    So, following your ideia, I got:

    asin(x) = -i asinh(+i x)
    acos(x) = -i acosh( x)
    atan(x) = -i atanh(+i x)
    acot(x) = -i acoth(-i x)
    asec(x) = -i asech( x)
    acsc(x) = -i acsch(-i x)

    asinh(x) = -i asin(+i x)
    acosh(x) = -i acos( x)
    atanh(x) = -i atan(+i x)
    acoth(x) = -i acot(-i x)
    asech(x) = -i asec( x)
    acsch(x) = -i acsc(-i x)

    Correct?
     

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  8. Apr 4, 2014 #7
    I started with

    sin(z) = -i sinh(iz) (1)

    and I applied the arcsin for get z

    arcsin(sin(z)) = z

    So I realized that z should appears in the right side of equation (1) and the way this happen is aplying -i arcsinh(ix) in the right side, so:

    arcsin(sin(z)) = - i arcsinh(i · -i sinh(iz)) = - i arcsinh(sinh(iz)) = -i·iz = z
     
  9. Apr 4, 2014 #8
    Check this one.
     
    Last edited: Apr 4, 2014
  10. Apr 4, 2014 #9

    D H

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    And that one is not correct with many definitions of inverse hyperbolic cosine and inverse cosine.

    Jhenrique, you are ignoring the problems of branch cuts. You have not even defined your definitions of the analytic continuations of the inverse functions. There are many choices; infinitely many. What choices have you made?
     
  11. Apr 5, 2014 #10
    1st I was trying undertand how create the relation between arc functions and arc functions hyp...

    x = cos(z) = cosh(iz)

    acosh(cosh(iz)) = -i acos(cos(z))

    iz = -iz .....

    hummm
    the formula worked for x = cosh(z) = cosh(iz)

    So, which are the correct relations?
     
    Last edited: Apr 5, 2014
  12. Apr 5, 2014 #11

    Curious3141

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    No, this is obviously wrong. If you end up with a mathematical absurdity like ##x = -x## for nonzero ##x##, you've made a mistake.

    If you want to go from ##\cos z = \cosh iz## to a relationship between the inverse circular and hyperbolic functions, here's one way to proceed:

    Put ##iz = \cosh^{-1} x##, where ##z = \frac{1}{i}\cosh^{-1} x = -i\cosh^{-1} x##.

    Then the RHS becomes ##x##. The LHS is ##\cos(-i\cosh^{-1}x)##.

    You now have ##\cos(-i\cosh^{-1}x) = x##. Take the inverse cosine on both sides and you end up with

    ##-i\cosh^{-1} x = \cos^{-1}(x)##

    Multiply both sides by ##i## to get:

    ##\cosh^{-1} x = i\cos^{-1}(x)##

    which is the exact relationship mentioned in the Italian Wiki page.
     
    Last edited: Apr 5, 2014
  13. Apr 10, 2014 #12
    So, how would be the complete list?
     
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