Relationship between stress and density

  1. Hi everyone,

    I am curious as to whether it is possible to calculate the difference in density due to applied (mechanical) stress on an object.

    E.g.: apply a controlled force of, say, 50 N on a structure, calculate the mechanical stress in the object with sigma = M/I * z and then go on from there, using some kind of relationship between stress and density to figure out how density changes throughout the object...

    Looking forward to an answer, if there is one ;)

    Thank you very much!

    Best regards,
    Marc
     
  2. jcsd
  3. sophiecentaur

    sophiecentaur 13,384
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    Welcome to PF

    The compressibility of a substance is discussed here
    Everything is compressible but solids and liquids are a lot lot less compressible than gases.
     
  4. where?
     
  5. sophiecentaur

    sophiecentaur 13,384
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    HAha - click on the blue "here".
     
  6. that link was not there when I first loaded the page.
     
  7. SteamKing

    SteamKing 8,581
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    In a nutshell, no, there is no relationship between bending stress and the change in density of an elastic structure.

    I am curious as to what prompted this question in the first place.
     
  8. Hi,
    we are working on a problem involving stress-induced birefringence... since the dielectric constant of a substance can be put in relation with its density (Clausius-Mossotti relation) it would have been interesting to be able to link a "change in density" due to stress to a change in the dielectric constant... I guess, however, we'll have to look for another way!

    But thank you very much!
     
  9. sophiecentaur

    sophiecentaur 13,384
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    Just a thought. As the compressibility of solids is so high, would it not be more likely that a dielectric material, when deformed by a force, would assume a shape which would maintain the density, ( i.e. virtually unchanged) as it changed shape? I am not into Materials Science really but it would seem a reasonable assumption.
    (I pressed the 'go' button on my first post before I was ready)
     
  10. SteamKing

    SteamKing 8,581
    Staff Emeritus
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    Photoelasticity also uses birefringence of materials to show the distribution of stresses within the material as it is loaded.

    See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photoelasticity

    I think the C-M formula involves the density of a material, not the change in density. Are you saying that the dielectric constant a material isn't a constant?
     
  11. @SteamKing

    given birefringence and from Maxwell's eqn. with [itex]\mu[/itex]≈1 and εr=n2 I am trying to use the C-M formula to compute the refractive index given a volume change due to a force applied on the structure/object... I'll work on it and see if it fits the experimental data...

    Thank you for your help!

    Marc
     
  12. Chestermiller

    Staff: Mentor

    Using the 3D tensorial form of Hooke's law involving the Young's modulus and the Poisson ratio, one can calculate the change in density of a linearly elastic solid material under prescribed loading.
     
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