# Relative and absolute potential?

1. Aug 7, 2012

### Artlav

Hello.
I've been thinking about potential on charged capacitors, and got confused.

A charge is AFAIK absolute - there is a balance of electrons and protons in matter, which can be biased one way or another.
However, voltage is defined as difference of potential, not an absolute value.
So, 100 volts on the ground is the same as 100V in a middle of a charged thundercloud.

But what kind of charge distribution could there be on a charged capacitor?

The experiment is such:
Take 3 100000V capacitors, and stack them in series.
When charged, top one would have 200kV on one side and 300kV on the other.
These voltages alone are sufficient to produce electric field-related effects, like static cling.

What would happen when that upper capacitor is disconnected from the rest?
Would it maintain the absolute charges - i.e. would there be a 300kV and 200kV worth of static cling?
It would obviously maintain a 100kV difference between the poles, but would the absolute offset remain - that is, is there any difference between it and the lower capacitor in the stack that have 0V and 100kV?

2. Aug 7, 2012

### Simon Bridge

No. There's not.