(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); [Resolved][Sets] Cardinality problem

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

let A be a Set of all natural numbers from 1 to 6000 that are divsible by 3 or 7 but not 105.

1.What is the cardinality of A?

2.How many numbers in A give 2 as the remained of division by 3.

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

1. My thinking was like this

How many multiples of 3 are from 1 to 6000. Well 6000/3 = 2000. How many multiples of 7? Well 6000/7 = 857. How many multiples of 7 are also multiples of 3? I would say 2000 / 7 = 285 that is in that 2000 multiples of 3 , 285 multiples are multiples of 7 aswell. That gives

+2000 multiples of 3

+857 multiples of 7 -285 multiples of 7 that are multiples of 3 aswell

that gives a total of 2572 numbers

now to put !divison by 105 into picture. Soo they must not be multiples of 105. We just substract multiples of 105, right? that is 2572 / 105 = 24, that is

the cardinality of A is 2572 - 24 = 2548.

Is any of the above correct or even close to a solution?

Now for the second part my thinking is like this, what do we have in those 2548 numbers, well we have something like this multiples of 3 and 7 but not 105. Now multiples of 3 will ofcorse not give the proper remainder, now for 7,

7 // remainders 3*2 + 1 rem 1

14 // rem 2

21 // 0

28 // 1

35 // 2

42 // 0

49 // 1

56 // 2

63 // 0

Now I noticed a pattern that multiples of 7 that give remainder 2 have a pattern, meanin starting from 2nd multiple which gives 2 as a remainder then every 2*k + 1 multiple gives 2 as the remainder. Meaning if I take 3 successive multiples of 7 one of them is guarantted to give 2 as the remainder. Meaning if there are 572 multiples of 7 (not multiples of 3) then there are 572 / 3 = 190 that will give 2 as the remainer.

Any good? At least close?

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# Homework Help: [Sets] Cardinality problem

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