Simple harmonic motion equation

  • #1
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Homework Statement


Calculate the harmonic motion equation for the following case
A=0.1m, t=0s x=0.05m, v(t=0)>0 a(t=0)= -0.8m/s^2




Homework Equations



x(t)= +/-Acos/sin ( (2pi/T)/*t)

The Attempt at a Solution


[/B]
A is given to be 0.1 so I simply place it into the equation. Now I have to decide whether the graph is sin or cos and the sign. Since the velocity is positive at t=0, the sign must be +. I am confused about whether it is sin or cos because the graph when I sketch it looks like a kind of transformation starting from t=0 x=0.05m and going upwards. I am also not sure about how to find T. is there an equation I am missing?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
PeroK
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Homework Statement


Calculate the harmonic motion equation for the following case
A=0.1m, t=0s x=0.05m, v(t=0)>0 a(t=0)= -0.8m/s^2




Homework Equations



x(t)= +/-Acos/sin ( (2pi/T)/*t)

The Attempt at a Solution


[/B]
A is given to be 0.1 so I simply place it into the equation. Now I have to decide whether the graph is sin or cos and the sign. Since the velocity is positive at t=0, the sign must be +. I am confused about whether it is sin or cos because the graph when I sketch it looks like a kind of transformation starting from t=0 x=0.05m and going upwards. I am also not sure about how to find T. is there an equation I am missing?

If the motion at ##t=0## is neither at ##x=0## nor ##x = \pm A##, then the motion needs a phase angle.
 
  • #3
52
1
If the motion at ##t=0## is neither at ##x=0## nor ##x = \pm A##, then the motion needs a phase angle.

Thank you! So:

0.1cos[(2pi/T)*0 + phi) = 0.05

phi= pi/3

What I end up with is:

x(t) = 0.1cos[(2pi/T)*t+pi/3)

Can please you give me further tips to find out the value of T?
 
  • #4
Delta2
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if you find ##x(t)## then the equation for acceleration is ##a(t)=-\omega^2x(t)## and because it is given ##a(t=0)=-0.8## you ll have the following equation
##a(0)=-0.8=-\omega^2x(0)## with only unknown the ##\omega=\frac{2\pi}{T}##
 

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