#### rubi

Science Advisor

- 847

- 348

Well, projectors that don't correspond to physical questions about observables are not in the algebra. But is that a problem? All projections of physical observables are available and can be obtained by the functional calculus, so we have the standard Born rule for all physical questions.Of course, one can get and measure projectors of observables whose exponentials are in the observable algebra. For these, Born's rule works and gives probabilities. But this does not alter the fact that the test for being in a particular vector state cannot be carried out since this particular projector is not obtainbable in this way (since it is not in the observable, although it is a bounded operator).