In textbooks, I often see the sum of the first two normal modes given in the equation attached (on the right). I'm wondering how they arrive at that equation based on the general formula (on the left).
I tried subbing in n= 1 and 2 in the general formula, but I'm not sure where to go from there. Where does the phase angle in the first normal mode go? Why is the amplitude of the second normal mode 1/2?