# Summation with exponential functions

Dear members,

see attached pdf file.Can you help me to prove this formulas.

Thank you

Belgium 12

This is not homework.I'm 68 and retired.

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## Answers and Replies

The terms are a composition of $$\left(\frac{1}{z}\right)^k$$ and $$e^z .$$ There should be a nice geometric series formula for this.

HallsofIvy
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Yes. $e^{kz}= (e^z)^k$ and $(-1)^{k-1}e^{kz}= -((-1)e^z)^k$.

So use the fact that the geometric series $\sum_{k=0}^\infty ar^k$ is $a/(1- r)$.