The Expectation of X and the Expectation of X squared (discrete math)

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1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
prove or disprove that E[X^2] = E(X)^2

2. Relevant equations
E[X] = [tex]\sum[/tex]xi*pr(xi)


3. The attempt at a solution

I really don't know where to start, I believe that it is not true, so I should try to disprove it, and the easiest way to do that would be by counterexample... I don't understand expectation very well though, I could try to do a mathematical proof to show that they are not equal, but I don't know how to go about that either.
 

lanedance

Homework Helper
3,305
2
hi sammC - this is ripe for a counter example...

easiest would be to try a distribution with only 2 outcomes, ie 50% probability of each occurring, then calculate E[x] and E[X^2]

note E[X^2] = sum over i of pr(xi)*(xi^2)
 
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ah, this helps a bunch, thanks!
 

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