1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data An inventor claims to have invented four engines, each of which operates between constant-temperature reservoirs at 400 and 300 K. Data on each engine, per cycle of operation, can be found in the table below. Of the first and second laws of thermodynamics, which (if either) does each engine violate? Engine |||||||||| 1 ||||||||||| 2 |||||||||| 3 |||||||||| 4 QH |||||||||||| 200J ||||| 500J||||||| 600J ||||| 100J QL||||||||||||| -175J||||| -200J|||||| -200J|||||| -90J W |||||||||||||||40J ||||||||400J ||||||||400J|||||||10J Of the first and second laws of thermodynamics, which (if either) does each engine violate? 2. Relevant equations should i use the efficiency rule? I know that first law says that the total energy of an isolated system is constant; energy can be transformed from one form to another, but cannot be created or destroyed. then Qh=|Qc|+W then one and two violates first law since in both Qh<|Qc|+W But how can i show that three and four violates the second law???