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Three hanging balls of uniformly distributed charge

  1. Sep 5, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Three identical small balls of mass m with uniformly distributed charge Q each hang from a string of length L. The strings are all tethered at the opposite end at the same point.
    (a) Find the general equation for the angle θ of each string from vertical.


    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
    I started off by drawing a free body diagram, obtaining a Tension in both the x and y directions, a downward force (m*g) and a horizontal force away in the x-direction (the force due to the other charges). I then collected the Forces for the x and y directions:
    Fy = Tcos(θ) - mg = 0
    Fx = Tsin(θ) - Q2/(3*L2*sin2(θ))

    Using Fy I solve for T to be mg/cos(θ) and plug it in for T in Fx. However, a problem arises when I try to solve for θ, I end up with:

    tan(θ)sin2(θ) = Q2/(3L2mg)

    I do not know how to solve this for θ, and when re-evaluating my work, I feel my value for the distance between balls in the force due to a charge is incorrect. The balls make a triangle, and with the invisible line down the center, you can divide that triangle into three even 30-30-120 triangles. I determined the distance between one ball and the center to be Lsin(θ), and using the Law of Sines, determined r (the distance between two balls) to be:

    r = √(3)*L*sin(θ)

    If this is correct, I'm not sure where I went wrong. Any hints would be appreciated. Thanks.
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data



    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
     

    Attached Files:

  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 6, 2013 #2

    ehild

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    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    Your equations for r is correct. The force on a charge is the vector sum of the Coulomb forces from the other two charges. Take that into account. And do not forget the factor k from the Coulomb force!

    At the end, you get a third -order equation for tanθ, replacing sin2θ by tan2θ/(1+tan2θ)

    ehild
     
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