Vector Problem -- Addition of two vectors given in polar coordinates

  • #1

Homework Statement:

Find the resulting vector

Relevant Equations:

c^2=a^2+b^2
Doing a review for my SAT Physics test and I'm practicing vectors. However, I am lost on this problem I know I need to use trigonometry to get the lengths then use c^2=a^2+b^2. But I need help going about this.
Screen Shot 2020-10-13 at 9.22.53 AM.png
 
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  • #2
PeroK
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What do you know about vector components?

Note that you have to make an effort yourself.
 
  • #3
I have made an effort however I am unsure if my first step of 10sin(70) and 8tan(45) is correct as I do not want to go off track from the start
 
  • #4
PeroK
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I have made an effort however I am unsure if my first step of 10sin(70) and 8tan(45) is correct as I do not want to go off track from the start
It's hardly a long, extended problem. You have to post what you've done.

Note that ##10\sin(70)## by itself is just a number. What do you intend to do with that number?
 
  • #5
Work:
x=10cos70=3.4

x=8cos45=5.65

y=10sin70=9.3

y=8sin45=5.65

x(hat)=3.4+5.65=9.05

y(hat)=9.3+5.65=14.95

R=sqrt(9.05^2+14.95^2)=17.47

R=17.47
 
  • #6
berkeman
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Work:
x=10cos70=3.4

x=8cos45=5.65

y=10sin70=9.3

y=8sin45=5.65

x(hat)=3.4+5.65=9.05

y(hat)=9.3+5.65=14.95

R=sqrt(9.05^2+14.95^2)=17.47

R=17.47
I'll try to look through that in a bit, but a couple of suggestions:

** Please check out the LaTeX Guide at the lower left of the Edit window. That's the best way to post math equations at the PF and many other websites

** It would help if you commented each line that you posted. Presumably you are resolving the two vectors into rectangular coordinates and adding those components. Is that what you are doing?
 
  • #7
My bad I will comment on my lines in the future as for what I am doing I wanted to sum the two vectors, so I first needed to decompose both vectors into their component form. Then, I added these components together and then used the Pythagorean theorem to find the magnitude.
 
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  • #8
berkeman
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1602636245119.png
1602636532104.png

Your image does not seem to match your problem statement. Why have you labeled ##\theta_1## down from the y-axis? Both angles should be referenced to the positive x-axis to get the signs and magnitudes right. And you are correct that you need to add the x and y components of each vector in rectangular coordinates to figure out the overall sum vector...
 
  • #10
berkeman
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That's hard to believe. (And you seem to have a problem with the Quote/Reply feature of the PF, but no big deal).

First of all, that figure is not SAT quality, so somebody else drew it. And somebody else mislabeled it.

Please post the real question so we can help you. Thank you.
 

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  • #11
It is not from an SAT prep book, it is from a free online SAT Physics site that provides example questions. Thus this is the real question. I am simply asking if I did it right and if not what did I do wrong and how to correct it.
 
  • #12
berkeman
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It is not from an SAT prep book, it is from a free online SAT Physics site that provides example questions. Thus this is the real question. I am simply asking if I did it right and if not what did I do wrong and how to correct it.
Fair enough. Is that the image that they provided, or your initial attempt at drawing it? I'm not trying to give you a hard time, I just need to understand what parts to translate into LaTeX for you as and example and to verify your work.

Can you please post a link to the original problem so that there is no more ambiguity? Thank you.
 

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