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Velocity of train if it passes 2km bridge in 110sec and a point in 10s

  1. May 27, 2014 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A train passes through an electric post in 10 seconds. With same velocity, it passes through a 2km long bridge in 110 seconds.Find the velocity of the train:

    a)18kmph b)36kmph c)72kmph d)90kmph.


    2. Relevant equations





    3. The attempt at a solution

    The train passes through the electric post in 10s. Let it velocity be ##v##.

    ##\Rightarrow \text{Length of the train} = 10v##

    Then I calculated the change in displacement of the train with respect to the bridge when it passes through.

    https://www.physicsforums.com/attachment.php?attachmentid=70093&stc=1&d=1401201462

    ##\text{Displacement of train from bridge after overtake}=2km+10v##
    ##\text{Displacement of train from bridge after overtake}=-2km##

    ##\delta s=(2km+10v)-(-2km)=4km+10v##

    It took 110 seconds for the train.
    Its displacement=##110v##

    ##\Rightarrow Displacement=110v=4km+10v##

    ##v=\frac{4*3600}{100}km/h \Rightarrow v=108km/h##

    But itsn't in the options.
     
    Last edited: May 29, 2014
  2. jcsd
  3. May 27, 2014 #2

    NascentOxygen

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    Staff: Mentor

    The train covers this 2000 + 10v distance in 110 secs, so speed v = .....
     
  4. May 27, 2014 #3

    adjacent

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    Whah? How did you draw that tick? ##\text{Nascent}O_2##?
     
  5. May 27, 2014 #4
    If i take it 2km+10v, then I get 72km/h.

    But why should I take 2km+10v instead of 4km+10v??????

    Isn't 110 seconds is the time from when the train's engine entered the bridge till the train completely left the bridge???

    Or is 110 seconds is the time from when the train's engine entered the bridge till the train's engine left the bridge??????

    Also, how did you place that tick??
     
  6. May 27, 2014 #5
    Code (Text):

    color="seagreen"
    size="7"

    /size
    /color
     
    Just use the brackets. Result:


    I do not know if there is another way.
     
  7. May 27, 2014 #6

    NascentOxygen

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    Draw a diagram showing the last carriage exiting the bridge. Where is the engine at this juncture?
     
  8. May 27, 2014 #7

    SammyS

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    It's clear from the figure, that the above interpretation is the correct one.

    (There's also a quite simple way to do this problem, but I suspect that you're expected to do it with Algebra.)
     
  9. May 27, 2014 #8
    I made a small mistake. I calculated displacement in first diagram w.r.t. the start of the bridge.

    But I calculated the displacement in second diagram w.r.t the end of the bridge.

    Thanks for all of your help.
     
  10. May 28, 2014 #9

    SammyS

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    As a check:

    From the time the locomotive (assumed at the front of the train) gets to the end of bridge, to the time the last train car just clears the end of the bridge, 10 seconds elapse.

    So it took the locomotive 100 seconds to cross the bridge.

    That's 2km in 100 seconds.
     
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