# Water bucket in free fall

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1. Oct 2, 2014

### Rakshit Joshi

There is a situation that a bucket which is full of water and has a hole at the side is let to fall freely. Will the water flow out of the bucket? And if it does, will its path be parabolic or linear? Assume that there is no air and hydrodynamics is working. Full detailed answer would be appreciated.

2. Oct 2, 2014

### chaitanya

I think water will not come out as evident by the Bernoulli's equation
p1 + dgh1 + 1\2dv1^2 = p2 + dgh2 +1\2dv2^2
here p1=p2= p atmospheric
dgh term will be zero as the system is in free fall
v1= 0

3. Oct 2, 2014

### ahoback

When the cup is at rest, the force of gravity pulls downward upon the water. At the location of the hole, there is nothing to balance gravity's force and prevent water from pouring out of the cup. However, when the cup is in free fall, the water will not leak. It is merely falling to the ground at the same rate as its surroundings (the cup).

4. Oct 2, 2014

### Staff: Mentor

Welcome to the PF.

In the future, please post schoolwork-type questions in the Homework Help forums, and be sure to share your thoughts on how you think the problem can be solved. I have moved your thread to the HH forums.

5. Oct 2, 2014

### NTW

Gravitational force disappears in a free-falling frame of reference, and in the absence of gravitational force, only one force remain: the cohesive force of attraction between water molecules. Hence, the mass of water will tend to acquire a spherical form. In so doing, constrained by the cylindrical or conical walls of the bucket, and its flat bottom, some water might be 'extruded' through the hole... For a stationary, non free-falling observer, the trajectory of the 'extruded jet' would be parabolic. For a free-falling observer, the extruded jet would move in straight line...

6. Oct 3, 2014

### haruspex

Why would it continue to be extruded, rather than just produce a hemispherical bulge?
Anyway, I don't see why it should be extruded at all. It will form the minimum surface area, which will just be a circular patch, slightly deformed by the curve of the bucket.

7. Oct 3, 2014

### NTW

I'm not sure of that 'extrusion', either... That's why I've written 'might be 'extruded' through the hole'... It would probably depend on the size of the hole, the form of the bucket, the cohesion force of the water and the attraction -or repulsion- between the water and the bucket's material. Anyway, if any water is expelled through the hole, it will probably take the form of 'blobs', gradually evolving into perfect spheres... A jet of spheres...

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