# What do the d and p symbols mean in physics

• B
• Quantum Velocity
In summary, the d and p symbols in physics refer to the orbital quantum numbers that define the shape and energy of an electron's orbit around an atom's nucleus. The main difference between d and p orbitals is their shape, with p orbitals being dumbbell-shaped and d orbitals having more complex shapes. These orbitals play a crucial role in determining an atom's properties, such as its magnetic properties and reactivity with other atoms. The number after the d or p symbol represents the energy level or shell of the orbital, and these orbitals are associated with the transition metals and main group elements in the periodic table.
Quantum Velocity
Hey guy! I've just started learn physics and i ran into a problem.
Can you guy let me know what is d and p mean in this

d represents the derivative (see Leibniz's notation) while p is momentum (with bold indicating vectors).

Thank you! God bless you!

But what dẻivative got to do with this equation

Quantum Velocity said:
But what dẻivative got to do with this equation
Force is mass times acceleration, and acceleration is the time derivative (rate of change) of velocity. You are going to need calculus to understand this.

oh

## What do the d and p symbols mean in physics?

The d and p symbols in physics refer to the orbital quantum numbers that define the shape and energy of an electron's orbit around an atom's nucleus.

## What is the difference between the d and p orbitals?

The main difference between d and p orbitals is their shape. The p orbitals are dumbbell-shaped and oriented along the x, y, and z axes, while the d orbitals have more complex shapes and are oriented along the x, y, z, xy, xz, yz, x2-y2, and z2 axes.

## How do the d and p orbitals affect an atom's properties?

The d and p orbitals play a crucial role in determining an atom's chemical and physical properties. For instance, the number of electrons in the d orbitals can affect an atom's magnetic properties, while the orientation of the p orbitals can impact its reactivity with other atoms.

## What does the number after the d or p symbol represent?

The number after the d or p symbol represents the energy level or shell of the orbital. For example, the 3d orbital is in the third energy level, while the 2p orbital is in the second energy level.

## How do the d and p orbitals relate to the periodic table?

The d and p orbitals are associated with the transition metals and the main group elements, respectively, in the periodic table. The elements in these groups have different numbers of electrons in their d and p orbitals, which can explain their unique properties and chemical behaviors.

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